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Fine root and aboveground litterfall, two large fluxes of nutrients and carbon in the forest ecosystems, are key processes to be considered in efforts of measuring, modeling and predicting soil carbon sequestration. We used sequential coring and litter trap to measure seasonal dynamics of fine root and litterfall in three Korean pine dominated forests along(More)
BACKGROUND Although semi-arid and arid regions account for about 40% of terrestrial surface of the Earth and contain approximately 10% of the global soil organic carbon stock, our understanding of soil organic carbon dynamics in these regions is limited. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS A field experiment was conducted to compare soil organic carbon(More)
Three putative regulatory genes, namely ttmRI, ttmRII and ttmRIII, which are present in the tetramycin (ttm) biosynthetic gene cluster, were found in Streptomyces ahygroscopicus Disruption of ttmRI, ttmRII or ttmRIII reduced tetramycin production, and their complementation restored production to varying degrees. Gene expression analysis of the wild-type(More)
The mantle piece from the donor pearl oyster would be rejected by the immune system of recipient oyster in pearl culture practice, especially in the case that the donor and receptor are different species. Thus, investigation of the immune response of recipient oyster to grafted mantle pieces, particularly to xenografts, is of importance in creating(More)
: The factors controlling litter decomposition and soil microbial community are important regulators of biogeochemical processes. Here we aim to explore controls on litter decomposition dynamics and soil microbial community composition in temperate forest by comparing three Korean pine forests along an altitudinal gradient. : Single- and mixed-species(More)
The pearl oyster Pinctada fucata is commonly cultured for marine pearls in China. To culture pearls, a mantle piece from a donor pearl oyster is grafted with a nucleus into a receptor. This transplanted mantle piece may be rejected by the immune system of the recipient oyster, thus reducing the success of transplantation. However, there have been limited(More)
Hybrid oysters often show heterosis in growth rate, weight, survival and adaptability to extremes of salinity. Oysters have also been used as model organisms to study the evolution of host-defense system. To gain comprehensive knowledge about various physiological processes in hybrid oysters under low salinity stress, we performed transcriptomic analysis of(More)
The pearl oyster Pinctada maxima exhibits great difficulty to culture pearls through nuclear insertion with an allograft, but it is easy for P. fucata to culture pearls after allografting. If P. fucata could be used as a surrogate mother to culture P. maxima pearls, it would benefit the pearl culture industry of P. maxima. However, this is blocked by the(More)
Myostatin (MSTN), also called growth and differentiation factor-8 (GDF-8), is a member of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily and an inhibitor of muscle differentiation and growth. In this report, we identified and characterized a MSTN gene (CnMSTN) from the scallop Chlamys nobilis. The open reading frame of CnMSTN was 1374bp in length,(More)
A putative regulatory gene ttmRIV located in the tetramycin biosynthetic gene cluster was found in Streptomyces ahygroscopicus. In-frame deletion of ttmRIV led to abolishment of tetramycin and significant enhancement of nystatin A1, whose production reached 2.1-fold of the H42 parental strain. Gene complementation by an integrative plasmid carrying ttmRIV(More)