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This paper presents the application of an adjoint method to the aerodynamic design optimization of a turbine blade. With the adjoint method, the complete gradient information needed for optimization can be obtained by solving the governing flow equations and their corresponding adjoint equations only once, regardless of the number of design parameters. The(More)
For low-aspect-ratio turbine blades secondary loss reduction is important for improving performance. This paper presents the application of a viscous adjoint method to reduce secondary loss of a linear cascade. A scalable wall function is implemented in an existing Navier-Stokes flow solver to simulate the secondary flow with reduced requirements on grid(More)
This paper presents the application of a viscous adjoint method to the multipoint design optimization of a rotor blade through blade profiling. The adjoint method requires about twice the computational effort of the flow solution to obtain the complete gradient information at each operating condition, regardless of the number of design parameters. NASA(More)
We present a mid-infrared (mid-IR) supercontinuum (SC) light source pumped by femtosecond pulses from a thulium doped fiber amplifier (TDFA) at 2 μm. An octave-spanning spectrum from 1.1 to 3.7 μm with an average power of 253 mW has been obtained from a single mode ZBLAN fiber. Spectral flatness of 10 dB over a 1390 nm range has been obtained in the mid-IR(More)
We demonstrated a widely tunable Tm-doped mode-locked all-fiber laser, with the widest tunable range of 136 nm, from 1842 to 1978 nm. Nonlinear polarization evolution (NPE) technique is employed to enable mode-locking and the wavelength-tunable operation. The widely tunable range attributes to the NPE-induced transmission modulation and bidirectional(More)
This paper presents the application of a viscous adjoint method in the optimization of a low-aspect-ratio turbine blade through spanwise restaggering and endwall contouring. A generalized wall-function method is implemented in a Navier-Stokes flow solver coupled with Menter’s SST k-ω turbulence model to simulate secondary flow with reduced requirements on(More)
In this Letter, we report a dispersion-compensation-free ultrafast thulium-doped all-fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization evolution (NPE) mode locking, delivering 330 fs soliton pulses at 1950 nm. A multifunctional hybrid fiberized device was applied in the oscillator to minimize the physical cavity length to ∼80  cm with a total dispersion of -0.045(More)
TO IMPROVE the aerodynamic performance and the economic benefits of an aircraft engine, one strives to increase the total pressure ratio, the adiabatic efficiency et al., and decrease the size and weight of the engine. Multi-objective optimization has been proposed and studied to satisfy the higher-level requirements in recent years. Benini [1] successfully(More)
We propose and demonstrate a broadly wavelength tunable mode-locked thulium-doped all-fiber laser, delivering sub-400 femtosecond (fs) pulses and tuning from 1867 nm to 2010 nm. The tunable range of 143 nm, to our best knowledge, is the widest in the femtosecond mode-locked thulium-doped fiber lasers (TDFLs). The broadly tunable range and femtosecond pulse(More)