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We aim to build and evaluate an open-source natural language processing system for information extraction from electronic medical record clinical free-text. We describe and evaluate our system, the clinical Text Analysis and Knowledge Extraction System (cTAKES), released open-source at http://www.ohnlp.org. The cTAKES builds on existing open-source(More)
Information in electronic medical records is often in an unstructured free-text format. This format presents challenges for expedient data retrieval and may fail to convey important findings. Natural language processing (NLP) is an emerging technique for rapid and efficient clinical data retrieval. While proven in disease detection, the utility of NLP in(More)
In this study, we try to present our experience of transaqueductal removal of the fourth ventricular neurocysticercosis (FVNCC) with a flexible neuroendoscope. Three cases of the fourth ventricular cysticercosis were transaqueductally removed with FUJINON EB-270P flexible neuroendoscope through a frontal precoronal burr hole. The diagnosis was established(More)
OBJECTIVE The long-term goal of this work is the automated discovery of anaphoric relations from the clinical narrative. The creation of a gold standard set from a cross-institutional corpus of clinical notes and high-level characteristics of that gold standard are described. METHODS A standard methodology for annotation guideline development, gold(More)
Although joint inference is an effective approach to avoid cascading of errors when inferring multiple natural language tasks, its application to information extraction has been limited to modeling only two tasks at a time, leading to modest improvements. In this paper, we focus on the three crucial tasks of automated extraction pipelines: entity tagging,(More)
Coreference resolution is the task of determining linguistic expressions that refer to the same real-world entity in natural language. Research on coreference resolution in the general English domain dates back to 1960s and 1970s. However, research on coreference resolution in the clinical free text has not seen major development. The recent US government(More)
Coreference resolution systems can benefit greatly from inclusion of global context, and a number of recent approaches have demonstrated improvements when precom-puting an alignment to external knowledge sources. However, since alignment itself is a challenging task and is often noisy, existing systems either align conservatively, resulting in very few(More)
MOTIVATION Expressions that refer to a real-world entity already mentioned in a narrative are often considered anaphoric. For example, in the sentence "The pain comes and goes," the expression "the pain" is probably referring to a previous mention of pain. Interpretation of meaning involves resolving the anaphoric reference: deciding which expression in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To research computational methods for coreference resolution in the clinical narrative and build a system implementing the best methods. METHODS The Ontology Development and Information Extraction corpus annotated for coreference relations consists of 7214 coreferential markables, forming 5992 pairs and 1304 chains. We trained classifiers with(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe an endoscopic perspective of the surgical anatomy of the trigeminal nerve. METHODS Nine adult cadaveric heads were dissected endoscopically. RESULTS Opening the pterygopalatine fossa is important because many key anatomical structures (V2, pterygopalatine ganglion, vidian nerve) can be identified and traced to other areas of the(More)