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In this paper, we present an improved fuzzy C-means (FCM) algorithm for image segmentation by introducing a tradeoff weighted fuzzy factor and a kernel metric. The tradeoff weighted fuzzy factor depends on the space distance of all neighboring pixels and their gray-level difference simultaneously. By using this factor, the new algorithm can accurately(More)
Successful sexual reproduction in animals and plants requires communication between male and female gametes. In flowering plants, unlike in animals, eggs and sperm cells are enclosed in multicellular embryo sacs and pollen grains, respectively; guided growth of the pollen tube into the ovule is necessary for fertilization. Pollen tube guidance requires(More)
Previous study in our laboratory demonstrates that microinjection of galanin into the arcuate nucleus of hypothalamus produced antinociceptive effects in rats. In the present study we investigated the involvement of protein kinase C (PKC) and PKC signaling pathways in the galanin-induced antinociception in the brain of rats. Intracerebroventricular(More)
A heuristic approach is presented to solve continuum topology optimization problems with specified constraints, e.g., structural volume constraint and/or displacement con-straint(s). The essentials of the present approach are summarized as follows. First, the structure is regarded as a piece of bone and the topology optimization process is viewed as bone(More)
Based on self-adaptive fuzzy PID control, the autopilot for the longitudinal channel of UAV is designed, which uses the theory of self-adaptive control and combines the traditional PID control method with Fuzzy control method. Simulation results show that the algorithm of the self-adaptive fuzzy PID controller is easy. And the self-adaptive capacity of the(More)
How to maintain the population diversity is an important issue in designing a multiobjective evolutionary algorithm. This paper presents an enhanced nondominated neighbor-based immune algorithm in which a multipopulation coevolutionary strategy is introduced for improving the population diversity. In the proposed algorithm, subpopulations evolve(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common functional gastrointestinal disorders and it causes long-lasting visceral pain and discomfort. AMPA receptor mediated long-term potentiation (LTP) has been shown to play a critical role in animal models of neuropathic and inflammatory pain. No report is available for central changes in the ACC of mice(More)
In real pattern recognition applications, the complete and accurate information of a given set is not always easy to get. Such incomplete knowledge may lead to imperfect expressions of the set using many pattern recognition methods. Rough sets theory is designed to approximately describe an imprecise set by a pair of lower and upper approximations which are(More)
A thermal nanomotor is relatively easy to fabricate and regulate as it contains just a few or even no accessory devices. Since the double-wall carbon nanotube (CNT)-based rotary nanomotor was established in a thermostat, assessment of the rotation of the rotor (inner tube) in the stator (outer tube) of the nanomotor has been critical, but remains(More)