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Cassava mosaic disease, caused by cassava begomoviruses, is the most serious disease for cassava in Africa. However, the pathogenesis of this disease is poorly understood. We employed high throughput digital gene expression profiling based on the Illumina Solexa sequencing technology to investigate the global transcriptional response of cassava to African(More)
TCDD exposure has various toxic effects on in the human nervous system resulting in various developmental and behavioral deficits. However the underlying molecular mechanism of TCDD-induced adverse effects on the CNS and associated signaling pathways remains largely unknown. Herein we analyzed acute TCDD exposure in the rat brain cortex to investigate(More)
Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris is the pathogen of black rot of cruciferous plants. The pathogenicity of the pathogen depends on the type III secretion system (T3SS) that translocates directly effector proteins into plant cells, where they play important roles in the molecular interaction between the pathogen and its hosts. The T3SS of Xanthomonas(More)
Studies have shown that 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) induces apoptotic cell death in neuronal cells. However, whether this is the result of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated apoptosis remains unknown. In this study, we determined whether ER stress plays a role in the TCDD-induced apoptosis of pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells and primary(More)
BACKGROUND The Hepatitis C virus (HCV) core protein has been implicated as a potential oncogene or a cofactor in HCV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Overactivation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling is a major factor in oncogenesis of HCC. However, the pathogenesis of HCV core-associated Wnt/β-catenin(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α (HNF4α) is a liver enriched transcription factor and is indispensable for liver development. However, the role of HNF4α in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression remains to be elucidated. We report that reduced HNF4α expression correlated well with the aggressive clinicopathological characteristics of HCC and(More)
BACKGROUND Lung injury is often studied without consideration for pathologic changes in the chest wall. In order to reduce the incidence of lung injury using preemptive mechanical ventilation, it is important to recognize the influence of altered chest wall mechanics on disease pathogenesis. In this study, we hypothesize that airway pressure release(More)
BACKGROUNDS Deficiency or excess of trace elements can induce body metabolic disorders and cellular growth disturbance, even mutation and cancerization. Since there are few studies of the effect of trace elements in bladder carcinoma in China, the aim of this study was thus to assess variation using a case control approach. METHODS To determine this, 81(More)
Previous studies provide evidence that aging is associated with the decline of memory function and alterations in the hippocampal (HPC) function, including functional connectivity to the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). In this study, we investigated if longitudinal (12-week) Tai Chi Chuan and Baduanjin practice can improve memory function and modulate HPC(More)
The DsbA/DsbB oxidation pathway is one of the two pathways that catalyze disulfide bond formation of proteins in the periplasm of gram-negative bacteria. It has been demonstrated that DsbA is essential for multiple virulence factors of several animal bacterial pathogens. In this article, we present genetic evidence to show that the open reading frame(More)