Learn More
Cassava mosaic disease, caused by cassava begomoviruses, is the most serious disease for cassava in Africa. However, the pathogenesis of this disease is poorly understood. We employed high throughput digital gene expression profiling based on the Illumina Solexa sequencing technology to investigate the global transcriptional response of cassava to African(More)
The widespread environmental pollutant 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a potent toxicant that causes significant neurotoxicity. However, the biological events that participate in this process remain largely elusive. In the present study, we demonstrated that TCDD exposure triggered apparent premature senescence in rat pheochromocytoma (PC12)(More)
Studies have shown that 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) induces apoptotic cell death in neuronal cells. However, whether this is the result of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated apoptosis remains unknown. In this study, we determined whether ER stress plays a role in the TCDD-induced apoptosis of pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells and primary(More)
Trefoil factor family (TFF), composed of TFF1, TFF2, and TFF3, is a cluster of secreted peptides characterized by trefoil domain (s) and C-terminal dimerization domain. TFF1, a gastric tumor suppressor, is a single trefoil peptide originally detected in breast cancer cell lines but expressed mainly in the stomach; TFF2, a candidate of gastric cancer(More)
An activity integrated strategy was established and validated to screen α-glucosidase inhibitors by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry and fraction collector (UHPLC/Q-TOF-MS-FC). UHPLC was used to separate the components in Coptis chinensis Franch. (Huanglian in Chinese) extract, which was identified by(More)
Vacuolar invertase is one of the key enzymes in sucrose metabolism that irreversibly catalyzes the hydrolysis of sucrose to glucose and fructose in plants. In this research, three vacuolar invertase genes, named MeVINV1-3, and with 653, 660 and 639 amino acids, respectively, were cloned from cassava. The motifs of NDPNG (β-fructosidase motif), RDP and(More)
PURPOSE Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) is now emerging as a novel and less invasive procedure for thyroid diseases. This study conducted a systematic review of the available data to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this new technique over conventional procedure. METHODS A systematic literature search was performed on Medline,(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUNDOBJECTIVE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs (ribonucleic acids), approximately 22 nucleotides in length, that function as regulators of gene expression. Dysregulation of miRNAs has been associated with the initiation and progression of oncogenesis in humans. The cell division cycle (CDC)25 phosphatases are important(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormally expressed circulating microRNA (miRNA) may serve as a potential biomarker for the diagnosis of cancer patients. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine the differentially expressed circulating microRNAs in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-positive small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) compared to other HBV-positive benign liver(More)
Resveratrol, an edible polyphenolic phytoalexin obtained primarily from root extracts of the oriental plant, Polygonum cuspidatum and from grapes and red wine, has been reported as an anticancer compound against several types of cancer, the accurate molecular mechanisms of by which it induces apoptosis are limited. In the present study, the molecular(More)