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Chromatin remodeling-related proteins, such as linker histone H1, involving in fruit ripening and stress responses are poorly understood. In the present study, a novel cDNA encoding linker histone H1 gene, designated as MaHIS1 was isolated and characterized from banana fruit. The full-length cDNA sequence was 1,253 bp with an open-reading frame (ORF) of 948(More)
Aptamers, including DNA, RNA and peptide aptamers, are a group of promising recognition units that can specifically bind to target molecules and cells. Due to their excellent specificity and high affinity to targets, aptamers have attracted great attention in various fields in which selective recognition units are required. They have been used in(More)
A serious limitation of numerous antitumor drugs is the incapacity to penetrate solid tumors. However, addition of an RGD fragment to peptide drugs might solve this problem. In this study, we explored whether the introduction of a permeability-enhancing sequence, such as iRGD (CRGDK/RGPD/EC) fragments, would enhance the activity of thymosin alpha 1 (Tα1).(More)
Bacterial endotoxin has been known to induce excessive inflammatory responses and acute kidney injury. In the present study, we used a mouse model of endotoxemia to investigate the role of Sirt1 in inflammatory kidney injury. We examined molecular and cellular responses in inducible Sirt1 knockout (Sirt1-/-) mice and wild type littermates (Sirt1+/+) in(More)
Upconversion is an optical process that involves the conversion of lower-energy photons into higher-energy photons. It has been extensively studied since mid-1960s and widely applied in optical devices. Over the past decade, high-quality rare earth-doped upconversion nanoparticles have been successfully synthesized with the rapid development of(More)
Modulation of immune response is important in cancer immunotherapy, vaccine adjuvant development and inflammatory or immune disease therapy. Here we report the development of new immunomodulators via control of shape transition among RNA triangle, square and pentagon. Changing one RNA strand in polygons automatically induced the stretching of the interior(More)
IMP metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) confer broad-spectrum resistance to β-lactam antibiotics such as imipenem and escape the action of almost all clinically used β-lactamase inhibitors. We conducted three-dimensional quantitative structure–activity relationships (3D-QSAR) for a series of IMP-1 MBL inhibitors with the aid of docking-based alignment. While the(More)
Diatoms are considered to have great potential as new biofuel sources because they can effectively accumulate triacylglycerols (TAGs). Detailed structure information of TAG in diatoms is much needed not only for the assessment of biofuel quality such as fatty acid chain length and unsaturation degree but also for the tracing of biosynthetic precursors(More)
New Delhi metallo-β-lactmase-1 (NDM-1) has recently attracted extensive attention for its biological activities to catalyze the hydrolysis of almost all of β-lactam antibiotics. To study the catalytic property of NDM-1, the steady-kinetic parameters of NDM-1 toward several kinds of β-lactam antibiotics have been detected. It could effectively hydrolyze most(More)
The binding of transcription factors (TFs) to specific DNA sequences is an initial and crucial step of transcription. In eukaryotes, this process is highly dependent on the local chromatin state, which can be modified by recruiting chromatin remodelers. However, previous studies have focused mainly on nucleosome occupancy around the TF binding sites (TFBSs)(More)