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OBJECTIVES This study's objective was to determine the incidence and mortality rate of acute kidney injury (AKI) among hospitalized adult patients in a tertiary metropolitan hospital of China, and to evaluate the impact of AKI on in-hospital mortality, cost and length of stay (LOS). METHODS Patients who were admitted to Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs participate in the regulation of numerous physiological and disease processes. The in vivo role of microRNAs in anesthetics-conferred organoprotection is unknown. METHODS Mice were exposed for 2 h to either 70% xenon, or 70% nitrogen, 24 h before the induction of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. The role of microRNA, miR-21, in(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the global incidence and outcomes of acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery in adult patients. DESIGN A systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING Cardiac surgery wards. PARTICIPANTS Adult patients after cardiac surgery INTERVENTIONS None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS The authors searched PubMed, Web of Science,(More)
Endothelial dysfunction and chronic inflammatory process are prevalent in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on maintenance hemodialysis (HD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute and short-term effects of online hemodiafiltration (OL-HDF) versus conventional HD on endothelial function and inflammation. A prospective, randomized,(More)
AIM To investigate the therapeutic effects of oral carbonic adsorbent on rats with early-stage renal failure. METHODS The early-stage renal failure model was established with three-fourth subtotal nephrectomy Wistar rats. Four weeks after the subtotal nephrectomy, the rats were randomly divided into four groups: (1) adsorbent diet (AD) rats; (2) low(More)
Aminoglycoside antibiotics, especially gentamicin, are widely used to treat Gram-negative infections due to their efficacy and low cost. Nevertheless the use of gentamicin is limited by its major side effect, nephrotoxicity. Xenon (Xe) provided substantial organoprotective effects in acute injury of the brain and the heart and protected against renal(More)
This cross-sectional study evaluates the associations of Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Plasma was obtained from 98 maintenance HD patients before and after a session of HD and 50 age-matched healthy subjects. We measured plasma PTX3 levels by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Our results showed that(More)
AIM Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) activity during the course of chronic kidney disease (CKD) development is poorly defined, and the effect of HIF activation on CKD is still controversial. The purpose of the present study was to characterize HIF expression during the course of CKD development, and to investigate the effect of HIF activation on CKD by using(More)
BACKGROUND Sudden cardiac death is one of the primary causes of mortality in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. Prolonged QTc interval is associated with increased rate of sudden cardiac death. The aim of this article is to assess the abnormalities found in electrocardiograms (ECGs), and to explore factors that can influence the QTc interval. METHODS A(More)
Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) is a powerful antioxidant, and its effect in ameliorating complications of diabetes mellitus has been widely documented. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of ALA in the disease progression of remnant kidneys (RK). Systolic blood pressure (SBp), hemoglobin, renal function, kidney malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione(More)