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—What will 5G be? What it will not be is an incre-mental advance on 4G. The previous four generations of cellular technology have each been a major paradigm shift that has broken backward compatibility. Indeed, 5G will need to be a paradigm shift that includes very high carrier frequencies with massive bandwidths, extreme base station and device densities,(More)
—In this paper we propose a joint reduced-state sequence detector (JRSSD) for a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system. The proposed JRSSD incorporates the set-partitioning principle to obtain a reduced-state trellis and is the space-time extension of the RSSD proposed in [1] for a single-input single-output (SISO) equalization problem. We show that(More)
—For the development of new 5G systems to operate in bands up to 100 GHz, there is a need for accurate radio propagation models at these bands that currently are not addressed by existing channel models developed for bands below 6 GHz. This document presents a preliminary overview of 5G channel models for bands up to 100 GHz. These have been derived based(More)
We investigate receiver designs and CQI (channel quality indicator) measures for the jointly encoded (JE) and separately encoded (SE) types of MIMO transmission. For the JE transmission, we develop a per-Walsh code joint detection structure consisting of a front-end linear filter followed by joint symbol detection among all the streams. We derive a class of(More)
Nontypable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) and Haemophilus haemolyticus exhibit different pathogenicities, but to date, there remains no definitive and reliable strategy for differentiating these strains. In this study, we evaluated matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) as a potential method for(More)
—Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) is expected to play a central role in future wireless systems. The deployment of large antenna arrays at the base station and the mobile users offers multiplexing and beamforming gains that boost system spectral efficiency. Unfortunately, the high cost and power consumption of components like analog-to-digital(More)