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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a key role in human tumor angiogenesis. We compared the effects of inhibitors of VEGF with different specificities in a xenograft model of neuroblastoma. Cultured human neuroblastoma NGP-GFP cells were implanted intrarenally in nude mice. Three anti-VEGF agents were tested: an anti-human VEGF(165) RNA-based(More)
Notch signaling is required for vascular development and tumor angiogenesis. Although inhibition of the Notch ligand Delta-like 4 can restrict tumor growth and disrupt neovasculature, the effect of inhibiting Notch receptor function on angiogenesis has yet to be defined. In this study, we generated a soluble form of the Notch1 receptor (Notch1 decoy) and(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a critical promoter of blood vessel growth during embryonic development and tumorigenesis. To date, studies of VEGF antagonists have primarily focused on halting progression in models of minimal residual cancer. Consistent with this focus, recent clinical trials suggest that blockade of VEGF may impede cancer(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Unfavorable histology (UH) in Wilms tumor has been linked to malfunction of the p53 tumor suppressor gene, which regulates (1) the endogenous angiogenesis suppressor thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) and (2) vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). The authors hypothesized that clinically aggressive favorable histology Wilms tumor (FH), like UH,(More)
Approval of the anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antibody bevacizumab by the FDA in 2004 reflected the success of this vascular targeting strategy in extending survival in patients with advanced cancers. However, consistent with previous reports that experimental tumors can grow or recur during VEGF blockade, it has become clear that many(More)
Much evidence supports an important role for the inducible enzyme cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in tumor angiogenesis. Previous studies have focused on the role of COX-2 in stimulating endothelial proliferation, with blockade of this enzyme impairing endothelial homeostasis. However, recent data suggest that COX-2 also regulates molecules implicated in(More)
This paper studied how two parties collaboratively built a decision tree on the union of their dataset without revealing privacy when dataset is vertically and horizontally distributed. We gave an algorithm of privacy preserving C4.5 which is applicable to vertically and horizontally partitioned dataset, and also gave the detailed computation method of the(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Vascular anomalies are a diverse set of lesions with distinct clinical behaviors, whose biomolecular characteristics are largely undefined. Common hemangiomas proliferate during the first year of life, then involute at a variable pace over several years. Other vascular tumors may involute much more quickly (rapidly involuting congenital(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatoblastoma is the most common primary hepatic malignancy of childhood, frequently presenting as advanced disease. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an endothelial mitogen and survival factor critical to growth and angiogenesis in many human cancers. Inhibition of VEGF effectively suppresses tumorigenesis in multiple experimental(More)
Agents targeting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) have been validated as cancer therapeutics, yet efficacy can differ widely between tumor types and individual patients. In addition, such agents are costly and can have significant toxicities. Rapid noninvasive determination of response could provide significant benefits. We tested if response to(More)