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The p53 tumour suppressor is a short-lived protein that is maintained at low levels in normal cells by Mdm2-mediated ubiquitination and subsequent proteolysis. Stabilization of p53 is crucial for its tumour suppressor function. However, the precise mechanism by which ubiquitinated p53 levels are regulated in vivo is not completely understood. By mass(More)
Hypermethylated in cancer 1 (HIC1) is an epigenetically regulated transcriptional repressor that functionally cooperates with p53 to suppress age-dependent development of cancer in mice. Here we show that the mechanism by which the loss of HIC1 function promotes tumorigenesis is via activating the stress-controlling protein SIRT1 and thereby attenuating p53(More)
activity as well as biological function in vivo (Gu et al., By developing site-specific acetylated p53 antibod-ies, CBP/p300 mediated acetylation of p53 was further confirmed in vivo by a number of studies (reviewed in Summary Appella and Anderson, 2000). Significantly, the steady-state levels of acetylated p53 are stimulated in response The NAD-dependent(More)
We generated mice that overexpress the sirtuin, SIRT1. Transgenic mice have been generated by knocking in SIRT1 cDNA into the beta-actin locus. Mice that are hemizygous for this transgene express normal levels of beta-actin and higher levels of SIRT1 protein in several tissues. Transgenic mice display some phenotypes similar to mice on a calorie-restricted(More)
14-3-3 proteins are evolutionarily conserved and ubiquitous proteins that function in a wide variety of biological processes. Here we define a new role for C. elegans 14-3-3 proteins in life span regulation. We identify two C. elegans 14-3-3 proteins as interacting proteins of a major life span regulator, the C. elegans SIR2 ortholog, SIR-2.1. Similar to(More)
BACKGROUND WRN is a multi-functional protein involving DNA replication, recombination and repair. WRN acetylation has been demonstrated playing an important role in response to DNA damage. We previously found that WRN acetylation can regulate its enzymatic activities and nuclear distribution. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDING Here, we investigated the factors(More)
BACKGROUND Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) regulation is highly dependent on interactions with the marrow microenvironment, of which osteogenic cells play a crucial role. While evidence is accumulating for an important role of intrinsic miR-17 in regulating HSCs and HPCs, whether miR-17 signaling pathways are also necessary in the cell-extrinsic control of(More)
Mammalian Sirtuins are the homologs of yeast Saccharo-myces cerevisiae Sir2 (silent information regulator 2), which functions in chromatin silencing to prevent genomic instability and aging by catalyzing the histone deacetyl-ation [1]. There are seven members in Sirtuin family (SIRT1-SIRT7). They all contain evolutionary conserved enzymatic domain which is(More)
Loss of Werner syndrome protein function causes Werner syndrome, characterized by increased genomic instability, elevated cancer susceptibility and premature aging. Although WRN is subject to acetylation, phosphorylation and sumoylation, the impact of these modifications on WRN’s DNA metabolic function remains unclear. Here, we examined in further depth the(More)
As a genome guardian, p53 maintains genome stability by arresting cells for damage repair or inducing cell apoptosis to eliminate the damaged cells in stress response. Several nucleolar proteins stabilize p53 by interfering Mdm2-p53 interaction upon cellular stress, while other mechanisms by which nucleolar proteins activate p53 remain to be determined.(More)