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We report an effective, novel self-assembled single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) complex with an oligonucleotide and demonstrate its feasibility in recognizing and detecting specific DNA sequences in a single step in a homogeneous solution. The key component of this complex is the hairpin-structured fluorescent oligonucleotide that allows the SWNT to(More)
The stem cell protein Lin28 functions to inhibit the biogenesis of a group of miRNAs but also stimulates the expression of a subset of mRNAs at the post-transcriptional level, the underlying mechanism of which is not yet understood. Here we report the characterization of the molecular interplay between Lin28 and RNA helicase A (RHA) known to play an(More)
Loss-of-function studies in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) via nonviral approaches have been largely unsuccessful. Here we report a simple and cost-effective method for high-efficiency delivery of plasmids and siRNAs into hESCs and iPSCs. Using this method for siRNA delivery, we achieve >90% reduction in the(More)
Despite considerable efforts toward the development of various sophisticated spiropyrans for metal ion sensing, less attention has been paid to organic molecule sensing. One of the major difficulties for detection of organic molecules using a spiropyran is the weak and nonspecific interaction between the spiropyran and the target. Here, we report the(More)
An approach for visual and fluorescent sensing of Hg2+ in aqueous solution is presented. This method is based on the Hg(2+)-induced conformational change of a thymine (T)-rich single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) and the difference in electrostatic affinity between ssDNA and double-stranded (dsDNA) with gold nanoparticles. The dye-tagged ssDNA containing T-T(More)
For successful assay development of an aptamer-based biosensor, various design principles and strategies, including a highly selective molecular recognition element and a novel signal transduction mechanism, have to be engineered together. Herein, we report a new type of aptamer-based sensing platform which is based on a triple-helix molecular switch(More)
Conformationally constraint nucleic acid probes were usually designed by forming an intramolecular duplex based on Watson-Crick hydrogen bonds. The disadvantages of these approaches are the inflexibility and instability in complex environment of the Watson-Crick-based duplex. We report that this hydrogen bonding pattern can be replaced by metal-ligation(More)
We report here a carbon nanotube-based approach for label-free and time-resolved luminescent assay of lysozyme (LYS) by engineering an antilysozyme aptamer and luminescent europium(III) (Eu(3+)) complex. The sensing mechanism of the approach is based on the exceptional quenching capability of carbon nanotubes for the proximate luminescent Eu(3+) complex and(More)