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BACKGROUND Ichthyophthirius multifiliis, commonly known as Ich, is a highly pathogenic ciliate responsible for 'white spot', a disease causing significant economic losses to the global aquaculture industry. Options for disease control are extremely limited, and Ich's obligate parasitic lifestyle makes experimental studies challenging. Unlike most(More)
Myb domain proteins contain a conserved DNA-binding domain composed of one to four conserved repeat motifs. In animals, Myb proteins are encoded by a small gene family and commonly contain three repeat motifs (R1R2R3); whereas, plant Myb proteins are encoded by a very large and diverse gene family in which a motif containing two repeats (R2R3) is the most(More)
Streptomycetes are filamentous soil-dwelling bacteria. They are best known as the producers of a great variety of natural products such as antibiotics, antifungals, antiparasitics, and anticancer agents and the decomposers of organic substances for carbon recycling. They are also model organisms for the studies of gene regulatory networks, morphological(More)
Jak (Janus kinase) is a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase, which plays important roles in signal transduction pathways. The unique feature of Jak is that, in addition to a fully functional tyrosine kinase domain (JH1), Jak possesses a pseudokinase domain (JH2). Although JH2 lost its catalytic function, experimental evidence has shown that this domain may have(More)
Streptomyces is a group of soil bacteria of medicinal, economic, ecological, and industrial importance. It is renowned for its complex biology in gene regulation, antibiotic production, morphological differentiation, and stress response. In this review, we provide an overview of the recent advances in Streptomyces biology inspired by -omics based high(More)
The nonchromosomal stripe (NCS6) mutation of maize is a partia1 deletion of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit 2 (CoxP) gene. The CoxP deletion and a narrow yellow striping phenotype are inherited together in a maternal fashion. The striped plants are heteroplasmic for mutant and normal CoxP genes. Only the mutant CoxP gene is detected within the(More)
The combination of cell biology and toxicology (CBTo) demonstrates the potential effects of elements in cellular structures, organelles, functioning properties, metabolic circles, signaling pathways, or interactions with the mi-croenvironment. These elements not only include chemicals and drugs, but one should also consider food, water, and even the air we(More)
Malaria causes over one million deaths annually, posing an enormous health and economic burden in endemic regions. The completion of genome sequencing of the causative agents, a group of parasites in the genus Plasmodium, revealed potential drug and vaccine candidates. However, genomics-driven target discovery has been significantly hampered by our limited(More)