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Stimulated secretion in endocrine cells and neuronal synapses causes a rise in endocytosis rates to recover the added membrane. The endocytic process involves the mechanical deformation of the membrane to produce an invagination. Studies of osmotic swelling effects on endocytosis indicate that the increased surface tension is tightly correlated to a(More)
The small GTPase racE is essential for cytokinesis in Dictyostelium. We found that this requirement is restricted to cells grown in suspension. When attached to a substrate, racE null cells form an actomyosin contractile ring and complete cytokinesis normally. Nonetheless, racE null cells fail completely in cytokinesis when in suspension. To understand this(More)
BACKGROUND Neural stem/progenitor cells (NPCs) can differentiate into neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. NPCs are considered valuable for the cell therapy of injuries in the central nervous system (CNS). However, when NPCs are transplanted into the adult mammalian spinal cord, they mostly differentiate into glial lineage. The same results have been(More)
The human OCT4 gene can generate at least three transcripts (OCT4A, OCT4B, and OCT4B1) and four protein isoforms (OCT4A, OCT4B-190, OCT4B-265, and OCT4B-164) by alternative splicing and alternative translation initiation. OCT4A is a transcription factor responsible for the pluripotency properties of embryonic stem (ES) cells. While OCT4B cannot sustain ES(More)
Considerable research has been focused on the development of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) delivery system for homologous and efficient bone regeneration. The aim of the present study was to develop a collagen-based targeting bone repair system. A collagen-binding domain (CBD) was added to the N-terminal of native BMP-2 to allow it bind to collagen(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) culture could partially simulate in vivo conditions. In this work, we developed a 3D collagen scaffold to investigate cellular properties of MCF-7 cells. The porous scaffolds not only induced the diversification of cell morphologies but also extended cell proliferation. The expression of pro-angiogenic growth factors and the(More)
Spinal cord crushed injury is clinically common. Promoting targeted neural regeneration at the crushed site of spinal cord could be important for the repair. It has been demonstrated in our previous work that native human BDNF fused with a collagen-binding domain (CBD-BDNF) can bind to collagen specifically to exert the neurotrophic effect on promoting(More)
Homeodomain transcription factor Nanog plays a critical role in maintaining murine embryonic stem (ES) cells pluripotency. However, its expression regulation largely remains unknown. In this study we show that Nogo receptor (NgR) participates in the regulation of Nanog expression via Stat3 pathway. Activation of NgR results in the phosphorylation of Stat3(More)
The fate of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) is determined by many extracellular cues. Among them, insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) family are found to promote the neuronal differentiation of NPCs. Akt activation has been indicated to be responsible for the insulin/IGF-I induced neuronal differentiation. However, the mechanism by which(More)
The receptor tyrosine kinase/PI3K/AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin (RTK/PI3K/AKT/mTOR) pathway is frequently altered in cancer, but the underlying mechanism leading to tumorigenesis by activated mTOR remains less clear. Here we show that mTOR is a positive regulator of Notch signaling in mouse and human cells, acting through induction of the(More)