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Glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK 3beta) is a key component of several cellular processes including Wnt and insulin signalling pathways. The interaction of GSK3beta with scaffolding peptide axin is thought to be responsible for the effective phosphorylation of beta-catenin, the core effector of Wnt signaling, which has been linked with the occurrence of(More)
Although fluorination of pharmacologically active compounds has long been a common strategy to increase their metabolic stability and membrane permeation, the functionality of protein-ligand interactions involving fluorine atoms (fluorine bonding) was only recently recognized in the chemistry and biology communities. In this study, the geometric(More)
As a serine/threonine protein kinase, glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) is an essential component of several cellular processes, including insulin, growth factor, and Wnt signaling. The conserved K85 is important to GSK3β activity and FRATide binding. To elucidate the mechanisms concerning kinase inactivation and nonbinding of FRATide to GSK3β, molecular(More)
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) enzyme is a promising target for the development of anticancer drugs. The enzyme-bound conformation of Trichostatin A (TSA) (PDB ID:1C3R) as an inhibitor of HDACs was used to manually construct a pharmacophore model. This model was then successfully used to identify the bioactive conformation and align flexible and structurally(More)
Many Ser/Thr protein kinases, to be fully activated, are obligated to introduce a phospho-Ser/Thr in their activation loop. Presently, the similarity of activation loop between two crystal complexes, i.e. glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3beta)-AMPNP and GSK3beta-sulfate ion complex, indicates that the activation segment of GSK3beta is preformed requiring(More)
The importance of water in biological systems has long been recognized in chemistry and biology communities. In this article we describe a new manner by which water affects biomolecular behaviors, called halogen-water-hydrogen bridge (XWH bridge), that is, one hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) in water-mediated H-bond bridge is replaced by halogen bonding(More)
If considering that the pronouncedly charged halide anions are ubiquitous in the biological world, then it is interesting to ask whether the halogen-ionic bridges-this term is named by us to describe the interaction motif of a nonbonded halogen ion with two or more electrophiles simultaneously-commonly exist in biomolecules and how they contribute to the(More)
A comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) of alkanoic acid 3-oxo-cyclohex-1-enyl ester and 2-acylcyclohexane-1,3-dione derivatives of 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase inhibitors has been performed to determine the factors required for the activity of these compounds. The substrate's conformation abstracted from dynamic modeling of the(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3) plays an important role in a diverse number of regulatory pathways by phosphorylation of several different cellular targets and its inhibitors have been evaluated as promising drug candidates. Indirubin analogues show favorable inhibitory activity targeting GSK-3beta, which is closely related to the property and position(More)
The dried leaves and stems of Ampelopsis grossedentata have been used as a health tea and herbal medicine for hundreds of years in China. The study was aimed at searching for novel α-glucosidase inhibitors among the richest components of A. grossedentata and their derivatives. Three known major components (1-3) were isolated by recrystallization process and(More)