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The effects of transgenic Bt cotton on the overwintering generation of the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), are unknown. We hypothesized that a Bt cotton diet may adversely affect fitness of this generation and examined fresh weight, lipids, glycogens, low-molecular-weight sugars and SCPs (supercooling points) of(More)
BACKGROUND Biological control provided by natural enemies play an important role in integrated pest management. Generalist insect predators provide an important biological service in the regulation of agricultural insect pests. Our goal is to understand the explicit process of oviposition preference, habitat selection and feeding behavior of predators in(More)
The effect of previous infestation (preconditioning) by the whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) biotype B on the population fitness of subsequent infestations that fed on three isogenic tomato genotypes (wild-type [Wt], a jasmonic acid [JA] defense-enhanced genotype [35S], and a JA-deficient genotype [spr2]) was examined. We tested the hypotheses that(More)
The water electrolysis is of critical importance for sustainable hydrogen production. In this work, a highly efficient and stable PdCo alloy catalyst (PdCo@CN) was synthesized by direct annealing of Pd-doped metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) under N2 atmosphere. In 0.5 M H2SO4 solution, PdCo@CN displays remarkable electrocatalytic performance with(More)
The effect of elevated O3 on tomato plants of three different genotypes (wild-type, a jasmonic acid (JA) defense-enhanced genotype (35S) and a JA-deficient genotype (spr2)) grown in association with the whitefly Bemisia tabaci Gennadius biotype B was examined in the field in open-top chambers. We experimentally tested the hypothesis that elevated O3 tends(More)
We experimentally examined the effects of elevated O₃ and whitefly herbivory on tomato volatiles, feeding and oviposition preferences of whiteflies and behavioural responses of Encarsia formosa to these emissions on two tomato genotypes, a wild-type (Wt) and a jasmonic acid (JA) defence-enhanced genotype (JA-OE, 35S). The O₃ level and whitefly herbivory(More)
A novel neutral heteropolysaccharide (DDP-1-D) was purified from hot water extracts of dried stem of Dendrobium densiflorum by DEAE-52 and Sephacryl S-200 High-Resolution Chromatography. The heteropolysaccharide had an average molecular weight about 9440 Da. It was composed mainly of glucose and mannose in the ratio of 3.01:1. Structural features of DDP-1-D(More)
and display the results. Our experiments were carried out with four healthy volunteers (three male and one female, aged 24 ± 2 years old). The results show that the repeatable BCG signal can be measured from three load-cell sensors platform under the seat of a normal chair.
Alarm fatigue can cause many negative results. Regarding ECG signals, an algorithm to reduce alarm fatigue is described, regardless of whether or not VPBs are involved in the false alarms. ECG signals are divided into five signal quality index levels (SQI): 0~4, where level 0 represents a noise free signal and level 4 indicates the worst signal quality. The(More)