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BACKGROUND Genome-wide association studies have identified loci associated with coronary heart disease in whites of European ancestry. This study evaluated whether genetic markers previously identified in whites are associated with nonfatal acute myocardial infarction (MI) in Hispanics. METHODS AND RESULTS Cases (n=1989) with a first nonfatal acute MI and(More)
BACKGROUND Concerns have been raised about the concurrent temporal trend between simple sugar intakes, especially of fructose or high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS), and rates of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the United States. OBJECTIVE We examined the effect of different amounts and forms of dietary fructose on the incidence or prevalence of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease affects ∼30% of US adults, yet the role of sugar-sweetened beverages and diet soda on these diseases remains unknown. We examined the cross-sectional association between intake of sugar-sweetened beverages or diet soda and fatty liver disease in participants of the Framingham Offspring and Third Generation(More)
Alkylresorcinols (AR) are phenolic lipids found in the bran fraction of whole-grain wheat, rye, and barley. In intervention studies, plasma AR concentration increased in response to greater intakes of whole grain, wheat, and rye. This study examined the cross-sectional associations between plasma AR and habitual whole-grain intake, BMI, and metabolic risk(More)
Abdominal adiposity, particularly visceral adipose tissue (VAT), is independently linked to the pathogenesis of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Emerging evidence suggests that greater intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) may be associated with abnormal fat accumulation in VAT. We examined whether habitual SSB consumption and diet soda intakes(More)
CONTEXT The effect of added sugar intake on ectopic fat accumulation is a subject of debate. OBJECTIVE A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to examine the potential effect of added sugar intake on ectopic fat depots. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE, CAB Abstracts, CAB Global Health, and EBM (Evidence-Based(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The relations of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors are not fully understood. The objective of our study is to explore the bi-directional relationships of fatty liver to CVD risk factors. METHODS We prospectively evaluated whether liver fat predicted the development of CVD risk factors and(More)
ABSTRACT Background: Concerns have been raised about the concurrent temporal trend between simple sugar intakes, especially of fructose or high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS), and rates of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the United States. Objective: We examined the effect of different amounts and forms of dietary fructose on the incidence or(More)
BACKGROUND Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake has been linked to abnormal abdominal adipose tissue. We examined the prospective association of habitual SSB intake and change in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue. METHODS AND RESULTS The quantity (volume, cm(3)) and quality (attenuation, Hounsfield Unit) of abdominal adipose(More)
PURPOSE Alkylresorcinols (AR) are phenolic lipids present in the bran of wheat and rye. Plasma AR and their urinary metabolites may be suitable biomarkers of whole-grain (WG) wheat and rye consumption. The objective of this study was to examine plasma AR and urinary AR metabolites in response to WG wheat consumption. METHODS In a randomized crossover(More)