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Diabetic nephropathy is the primary cause of end-stage renal disease. Increasing numbers of patients are suffering from this disease and therefore novel medications and therapeutic approaches are urgently needed. Here, we investigated whether apelin-13, the most active member of the adipokine apelin group, could effectively suppress the development of(More)
Kidney diseases, including chronic kidney disease (CKD) and acute kidney injury (AKI), are associated with inflammation. The mechanism that regulates inflammation in these renal injuries remains unclear. Here, we demonstrated that p300/CBP-associated factor (PCAF), a histone acetyltransferase, was overexpressed in the kidneys of db/db mice and(More)
Apelin, a newly identified bioactive adipokine, has been found to play important roles in multiple diseases, including diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases with unclear molecular mechanisms. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of apelin on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in the pancreas of Akita mice, a well-established type 1(More)
Surgery is the preferred treatment for intertrochanteric fractures. This study aimed to analyze risk factors for predicting mortality after intertrochanteric hip fracture surgery by arthroplasty and internal fixation. We performed a retrospective analysis of 1,263 patients who received surgical treatment for intertrochanteric fractures from January 2005 to(More)
Up-regulated glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is observed in multiple cancers with unclear mechanism. Using GAPDH transgenic mouse and a mouse model of diethylnitrosamine-induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), here we show that GAPDH overexpression aggravated tumor development by activating cell proliferation and inflammation. In cultured(More)
Ciliopathies form a group of inherited disorders sharing several clinical manifestations due to abnormal cilia formation or function, and few treatments have been successful against these disorders. Here, we report a mouse model with mutated Sclt1 gene, which encodes a centriole distal appendage protein important for ciliogenesis. SCLT1 mutations were(More)
Renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is the most common cause of AKI, which associates with high mortality and has no effective therapy. ELABELA (ELA) is a newly identified 32-residue hormone peptide highly expressed in adult kidney. To investigate whether ELA has protective effects on renal I/R injury, we administered the mature peptide (ELA32) or the(More)
Autophagy plays critical and complex roles in many human diseases, including diabetes and its complications. However, the role of autophagy in the development of diabetic retinopathy remains uncertain. Core histone modifications have been reported involved in the development of diabetic retinopathy, but little is known about the histone variants. Here, we(More)
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