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OBJECT The authors propose an easy MR imaging method to measure and categorize individual anatomical variations within the cervicothoracic junction (CTJ). Furthermore, they propose guidelines for selection of the appropriate approach based on this new categorization system. METHODS In the midsagittal section of the cervicothoracic MR imaging studies(More)
Solitary juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) in the spinal column is extremely rare and there has been no report of such a lesion involving C1 and C2 in English literature so far. Here, we report and characterize the first case of xanthogranuloma of the upper cervical spine. This case report draws attention to the fact that solitary xanthogranuloma should be(More)
BACKGROUND Bone fracture is one of the most common physical injuries in which gene expression and the microenvironment are reprogramed to facilitate the recovery process. METHODS By specific siRNA transfection and MTT assay, we evaluated the effects of metastasis-associated gene 1 (MTA1) in osteoblast growth. To show the role of MTA1 in osteoblast under(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) of the spine has been well documented in the literature, but most studies concern management of the disease. No focused report on the differences in clinical and radiographic features of spinal LCH among children, adolescents, and adults exists. PURPOSE To review and stress the clinical and imaging(More)
Aggressive giant cell tumor (GCT) is an important subtype of GCT and is relatively rare in the spine. There is little published information regarding this subject. The objective of our study is to discuss prognostic factors for primary aggressive GCT in the spine. A retrospective study of patients who had primary aggressive GCT in the spine and underwent(More)
Eosinophilic granuloma (EG) of the spine is rare, especially in adults. There had been few large and long-term studies reported in the literature. The management goals of this disease in adults are preservation of neurologic function, relief of pain and reconstruction of spinal stability. However, there are still controversies over appropriate management(More)
Despite the knowledge of many genetic alterations present in Ewing's sarcoma (ES), the complexity of this disease precludes placing its biology into a simple conceptual framework. Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) can decrease T-cell activation and attenuate antitumor responses. Polymorphisms in the CTLA-4 gene have been shown to be associated with(More)
The authors describe the case of a 44-year-old man with multilevel lumbar spinal Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD), a rare clinical entity. To the authors' knowledge, there have been only 2 cases of lumbar spinal involvement of RDD (epidural) reported in the literature, and the current case is the third but the only one showing lumbar spinal intradural(More)
OBJECT Calcified meningiomas are an uncommon type of meningioma. This study details the clinical features, treatment, and follow-up of 11 calcified meningiomas treated from 2002 to 2009, for the purpose of providing general information, describing the skill required for the surgery, and detailing the imaging study of these tumors. METHODS Between 2002 and(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) and solitary plasmacytoma of bone (SPB) are two independent subtypes of plasma cell dyscrasias which often occur in spine. However, little is known about the surgical treatment of patients with spinal instability or neurological impairment caused by spinal lesions as the first clinical manifestation. The present study aimed to(More)