Jianrong Dai

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The treatment delivery time of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with a multileaf collimator (MLC) is generally longer than that of conventional radiotherapy. In theory, removing the flattening filter from the treatment head may reduce the beam-on time by enhancing the output dose rate, and then reduce the treatment delivery time. And in(More)
An algorithm for optimizing beam orientations and beam weights for conformal radiotherapy has been developed. The algorithm models the optimization of beam orientations and beam weights as a problem of mixed integer linear programming (MILP), and optimizes the beam orientations and beam weights simultaneously. The application process of the algorithm has(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the diagnostic efficacy of the currently most widely used indirect hemagglutination assay (IHA) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of Schistosoma japonicum human infections. METHODS A comprehensive search was undertaken from China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, VIP Database, PubMed,(More)
An enzyme-histochemical study of five enzymes, namely succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), cytochrome oxidase (CCO), cholinesterase (CHE) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS), was elucidated in the soft tissues of Oncomelania hupensis, the intermediate host snail of Schistosoma japonicum, before and after the treatment with a suspension(More)
After irradiation results in cytotoxic effects by DNA damage, base excision repair (BER) pathway is involved in the repair of single-strand breaks and nonhomologous end joining and homologous repair of double-strand breaks caused by radiotherapy. Alterations in the function of BER DNA repair genes may affect DNA repair proficiency and influence the response(More)
The purpose of this study is to apply noncoplanar intensity-modulated radiation therapy (Nonco_IMRT) to young female patients with mediastinal lymphoma. Nonco_IMRT was evaluated through a planning comparison study with coplanar IMRT (Co_IMRT) and conventional anteroposterior and posteroanterior fields (AP-PA) plans. Co_IMRT was performed with five equally(More)
Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) plays an important role in cancer radiotherapy. For some patients being treated with IMRT, the extremely low tolerances of critical organs (such as lens, ovaries, and testicles) cannot be met during treatment planning. The aim of this article is to introduce a new planning method to overcome that problem. In current(More)
Schistosomiasis japonica, transmitted by the intermediate host snail Oncomelania hupensis of the causative agent Schistosoma japonicum, remains a major public-health concern in China, and control of this snail is one of the major approaches used in attempts to interrupt the transmission of this neglected tropical disease. Niclosamide is currently the only(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare setup errors obtained with kilovoltage cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and 2 different kinds of reference images, free-breathing 3D localization CT images (FB-CT) and the average images of 4-D localization CT images (AVG-CT) for phantom and lung cancer patients. This study also explored the correlation between(More)
Schistosomiasis is an endemic, zoonotic parasitic disease that remains a public health concern in China. Development of transmission blocking veterinary vaccines against Schistosoma japonicum infection is urgently needed. Replication-defective adenoviral vector is an efficient vaccine delivery system that has been widely used. Its use is associated with(More)