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The large size of many near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent nanoparticles prevents rapid extravasation from blood vessels and subsequent diffusion to tumors. This confines in vivo uptake to the peritumoral space and results in high liver retention. In this study, we developed a viscosity modulated approach to synthesize ultrasmall silver sulfide quantum dots(More)
Messenger RNA (mRNA), a single-strand ribonucleic acid with functional gene information is usually abnormally expressed in cancer cells and has become a promising biomarker for the study of tumor progress. Hairpin DNA-coated gold nanoparticle (hDAuNP) beacon containing a bare gold nanoparticle (AuNP) as fluorescence quencher and thiol-terminated(More)
The clinical diagnosis of most cancers is based on evaluation of histology microscopic slides to view the size and shape of cellular nuclei and morphological structure of tissue. To achieve this goal for in vivo and in-deep tissues, near infrared dyes-bovine serum albumin and immunoglobulin G conjugates were synthesized. The spectral study shows that the(More)
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