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Fluorescence has been observed directly across the band gap of semiconducting carbon nanotubes. We obtained individual nanotubes, each encased in a cylindrical micelle, by ultrasonically agitating an aqueous dispersion of raw single-walled carbon nanotubes in sodium dodecyl sulfate and then centrifuging to remove tube bundles, ropes, and residual catalyst.(More)
Here we report an orientation-dependent statistical all-atom potential derived from side-chain packing, named OPUS-PSP. It features a basis set of 19 rigid-body blocks extracted from the chemical structures of all 20 amino acid residues. The potential is generated from the orientation-specific packing statistics of pairs of those blocks in a non-redundant(More)
Various types of large-amplitude molecular deformation are ubiquitously involved in the functions of biological macromolecules, especially supramolecular complexes. They can be very effectively analyzed by normal mode analysis with well-established procedures. However, despite its enormous success in numerous applications, certain issues related to the(More)
In this paper, we report a knowledge-based potential function, named the OPUS-Ca potential, that requires only Calpha positions as input. The contributions from other atomic positions were established from pseudo-positions artificially built from a Calpha trace for auxiliary purposes. The potential function is formed based on seven major representative(More)
p97/VCP is a member of the AAA ATPase family and has roles in both membrane fusion and ubiquitin dependent protein degradation. Here, we present a 3.6A crystal structure of murine p97 in which D2 domain has been modelled as poly-alanine and the remaining approximately 100 residues are absent. The resulting structure illustrates a head-to-tail packing(More)
Voltage-dependent potassium channels (Kv) are homotetramers composed of four voltage sensors and one pore domain. Because of high-level structural flexibility, the first mammalian Kv structure, Kv1.2 at 2.9 A, has about 37% molecular mass of the transmembrane portion not resolved. In this study, by applying a novel normal-mode-based X-ray crystallographic(More)
Here, we report a new computational method, called sheetminer, for mining beta-sheets in the density maps at intermediate resolutions of 6 to 10A. The method employs a multi-step ad hoc morphological analysis of density maps to identify the unique characteristics of beta-sheets. It was tested on density maps from 12 protein crystal structures that were(More)
We report the development of two computational methods to assist density map interpretation at intermediate resolutions: sheettracer for building pseudo-C(alpha) models of beta-sheets, and a deconvolution method for enhancing features attributed to major secondary structural elements. Sheettracer is tightly coupled with sheetminer, which was developed to(More)
Targeting kinases is central to drug-based cancer therapy but remains challenging because the drugs often lack specificity, which may cause toxic side effects. Modulating side effects is difficult because kinases are evolutionarily and hence structurally related. The lack of specificity of the anticancer drug imatinib enables it to be used to treat chronic(More)
Here we report the crystal structure of hemagglutinin (HA) from influenza B/Hong Kong/8/73 (B/HK) virus determined to 2.8 A. At a sequence identity of approximately 25% to influenza A virus HAs, B/HK HA shares a similar overall structure and domain organization. More than two dozen amino acid substitutions on influenza B virus HAs have been identified to(More)