Jianmin Miao

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Using biological sensors, aquatic animals like fishes are capable of performing impressive behaviours such as super-manoeuvrability, hydrodynamic flow 'vision' and object localization with a success unmatched by human-engineered technologies. Inspired by the multiple functionalities of the ubiquitous lateral-line sensors of fishes, we developed flexible and(More)
This paper reports a micro-machined piezoelectric membrane-based biosensor array for immunoassay. Goat immunoglobulin G (IgG) and HBsAg were immobilized as the probe molecules on the square piezoelectric membranes of the sensors that have dimensions of 3.5 microm x 500 microm x 500 microm. Due to the mass sensitive nature of these sensors, their resonant(More)
This paper describes the main protocols that are used for fabricating microfluidic devices from glass and silicon. Methods for micropatterning glass and silicon are surveyed, and their limitations are discussed. Bonding methods that can be used for joining these materials are summarized and key process parameters are indicated. The paper also outlines(More)
Charged impurity (CI) scattering is one of the dominant factors that affects the carrier mobility in graphene. In this paper, we use Raman spectroscopy to probe the charged impurities in suspended graphene. We find that the 2D band intensity is very sensitive to the CI concentration in graphene, while the G band intensity is not affected. The intensity(More)
The synchronisation of time and frequency between remote locations is crucial for many important applications. Conventional time and frequency dissemination often makes use of satellite links. Recently, the communication fibre network has become an attractive option for long-distance time and frequency dissemination. Here, we demonstrate accurate frequency(More)
Ferroelectric microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) has been a growing area of research in past decades, in which ferroelectric films are combined with silicon technology for a variety of applications, such as piezo-electric micromachined ultrasonic transducers (pMUTs), which represent a new approach to ultrasound detection and generation. For(More)
Evolution bestowed the blind cavefish with a resourcefully designed lateral-line of sensors that play an essential role in many important tasks including object detection and avoidance, energy-efficient maneuvering, rheotaxis etc. Biologists identified the two types of vital sensors on the fish bodies called the superficial neuromasts and the canal(More)
Simple analytical expressions of mechanical resistance, such as those formulated by Skvor/Starr, are widely used to describe the mechanical-thermal noise performance of a condenser microphone. However, the Skvor/Starr approach does not consider the location effect of acoustic holes in the backplate and overestimates the total equivalent mechanical(More)