Jianmin Meng

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Innate immune receptors for pathogen- and damage-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs and DAMPs) orchestrate inflammatory responses to infection and injury. Secreted by activated immune cells or passively released by damaged cells, HMGB1 is subjected to redox modification that distinctly influences its extracellular functions. Previously, it was unknown how(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) activates the innate immune response through the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4).MD-2 complex. A synthetic lipid A precursor, lipid IV(A), induces an innate immune response in mice but not in humans. Both TLR4 and MD-2 are required for the agonist activity of lipid IV(A) in mice, with TLR4 interacting through specific surface charges at(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) activates innate immune responses through TLR4.MD-2. LPS binds to the MD-2 hydrophobic pocket and bridges the dimerization of two TLR4.MD-2 complexes to activate intracellular signaling. However, exactly how lipid A, the endotoxic moiety of LPS, activates myeloid lineage cells remains unknown. Lipid IV(A), a tetra-acylated lipid A(More)
Lipid A (a hexaacylated 1,4' bisphosphate) is a potent immune stimulant for TLR4/MD-2. Upon lipid A ligation, the TLR4/MD-2 complex dimerizes and initiates signal transduction. Historically, studies also suggested the existence of TLR4/MD-2-independent LPS signaling. In this article, we define the role of TLR4 and MD-2 in LPS signaling by using genome-wide(More)
Villin-type headpiece domains are compact F-actin-binding motifs that have been used extensively as a model system to investigate protein folding by both experimental and computational methods. Villin headpiece (HP67) harbors a highly helical, thermostable, and autonomously folding subdomain in the C terminus (HP35), and because of this feature, HP67 is(More)
Villin-type headpiece domains are approximately 70 amino acid modular motifs found at the C terminus of a variety of actin cytoskeleton-associated proteins. The headpiece domain of villin, a protein found in the actin bundles of the brush border epithelium, is of interest both as a compact F-actin binding domain and as a model folded protein. We have(More)
Innate immunity is the first line defense against invading pathogens. During Gram-negative bacterial infection, the Toll-like receptor 4 and MD-2 complex recognize lipopolysaccharide present in the bacterial cell wall. This recognition can be enhanced 100-1000-fold by CD14. However, the beneficial role provided by CD14 becomes detrimental in the context of(More)
The villin headpiece domain (HP67) is the C-terminal F-actin-binding motif that confers F-actin-bundling activity to villin, a component of the actin bundles that support the brush-border microvilli. It has been investigated extensively by both experimental and theoretical measurements. Our laboratory, for example, has determined both its NMR and its(More)
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