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MADS-box genes encode a highly conserved gene family of transcriptional factors that regulate numerous developmental processes in plants. In this study, a tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) MADS-box gene, SlMADS1, was cloned and its tissue-specific expression profile was analyzed. The real-time polymerase chain reaction results showed that SlMADS1 was highly(More)
BACKGROUND Deregulation of EGFR signaling is common in non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) and this finding led to the development of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) that are highly effective in a subset of NSCLC. Mutations of EGFR (mEGFR) and copy number gains (CNGs) of EGFR (gEGFR) and HER2 (gHER2) have been reported to predict for TKI response.(More)
Macrophage apoptosis plays a role in mycobacterial infection. To define the mechanism by which virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis escapes apoptosis and killing in macrophages, J774 macrophages were infected with virulent M. tuberculosis H37Rv and attenuated H37Ra strains. H37Rv induced less apoptosis than H37Ra, and caspase 3 was activated in H37Ra- and(More)
SlNAC4 functions as a stress-responsive transcription factor and might be useful for crop salt and drought tolerance improvement. Abiotic stresses, especially salinity and drought, are major factors that significantly limit crop growth and productivity. Plant-specific NAC transcription factors play crucial roles in various stress responses. However, to date(More)
Apoptosis induced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in host cells plays a role in pathogenesis. However, little is known how the apoptosis of macrophages harboring P. aeruginosa affects the host or pathogen. In this study, the viability of J774 macrophages phagocytosing Pa IID1117 (elastase- and protease-positive) was significantly reduced (53.8±4.5%) 48 h after(More)
MADS-box transcription factors play important role in plant growth and development, especially floral organ identities. In our study, a MADS-box gene SlGLO1- tomato floral homeotic protein FBP1-like gene was isolated. Its tissue-specific expression profile analysis showed that SlGLO1 was highly expressed in petals and stamens. RNAi (RNA interference)(More)
Large-size single-crystal gold nanosheets have been successfully prepared by microwave heating of HAuCl(4) in ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, without any additional template agent. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron diffraction (ED), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) were used(More)
Emulsions composed of an ionic liquid (IL) 3-methyl-1-octylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate, water, and surfactant TX-100 (poly(ethylene glycol)-tert-octylphenyl) were studied by laser confocal scanning microscopy, stability determination and electrical conductivity. Multiple water-in-ionic liquid-in-water (W/IL/W) emulsions were formed around water volume(More)
Emission of SO2 in flue gas from the combustion of fossil fuels leads to severe environmental problems. Exploration of green and efficient methods to capture SO2 is an interesting topic, especially at lower SO2 partial pressures. In this work, ionic liquids (ILs) 1-(2-diethylaminoethyl)-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([Et2 NEMim][Tf2(More)