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Soybean (Glycine max) is one of the most important crop plants for seed protein and oil content, and for its capacity to fix atmospheric nitrogen through symbioses with soil-borne microorganisms. We sequenced the 1.1-gigabase genome by a whole-genome shotgun approach and integrated it with physical and high-density genetic maps to create a chromosome-scale(More)
SCRATCH is a server for predicting protein tertiary structure and structural features. The SCRATCH software suite includes predictors for secondary structure, relative solvent accessibility, disordered regions, domains, disulfide bridges, single mutation stability, residue contacts versus average, individual residue contacts and tertiary structure. The user(More)
MOTIVATION Protein beta-sheets play a fundamental role in protein structure, function, evolution and bioengineering. Accurate prediction and assembly of protein beta-sheets, however, remains challenging because protein beta-sheets require formation of hydrogen bonds between linearly distant residues. Previous approaches for predicting beta-sheet topological(More)
Intrinsically disordered regions in proteins are relatively frequent and important for our understanding of molecular recognition and assembly, and protein structure and function. From an algorithmic standpoint, flagging large disordered regions is also imortant for ab inito protein structure prediction methods. Here we first extract a curated,(More)
Accurate prediction of protein stability changes resulting from single amino acid mutations is important for understanding protein structures and designing new proteins. We use support vector machines to predict protein stability changes for single amino acid mutations leveraging both sequence and structural information. We evaluate our approach using(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple protein templates are commonly used in manual protein structure prediction. However, few automated algorithms of selecting and combining multiple templates are available. RESULTS Here we develop an effective multi-template combination algorithm for protein comparative modeling. The algorithm selects templates according to the(More)
The formation of disulphide bridges between cysteines plays an important role in protein folding, structure, function, and evolution. Here, we develop new methods for predicting disulphide bridges in proteins. We first build a large curated data set of proteins containing disulphide bridges to extract relevant statistics. We then use kernel methods to(More)
BACKGROUND Predicting protein residue-residue contacts is an important 2D prediction task. It is useful for ab initio structure prediction and understanding protein folding. In spite of steady progress over the past decade, contact prediction remains still largely unsolved. RESULTS Here we develop a new contact map predictor (SVMcon) that uses support(More)
Protein domains are the structural and functional units of proteins. The ability to parse protein chains into different domains is important for protein classification and for understanding protein structure, function, and evolution. Here we use machine learning algorithms, in the form of recursive neural networks, to develop a protein domain predictor(More)
The formation of disulphide bridges among cysteines is an important feature of protein structures. Here we develop new methods for the prediction of disulphide bond connectivity. We first build a large curated data set of proteins containing disulphide bridges and then use 2-Dimensional Recursive Neural Networks to predict bonding probabilities between(More)