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MOTIVATION The high redundancy of and high degree of cross-talk between biological pathways hint that a sub-pathway may respond more effectively or sensitively than the whole pathway. However, few current pathway enrichment analysis methods account for the sub-pathways or structures of the tested pathways. We present a sub-pathway-based enrichment approach(More)
When compared with single gene functional analysis, gene set analysis (GSA) can extract more information from gene expression profiles. Currently, several gene set methods have been proposed, but most of the methods cannot detect gene sets with a large number of minor-effect genes. Here, we propose a novel distance-based gene set analysis method. The(More)
Clinical studies using the tyrosine kinase inhibitor, imatinib mesylate (Gleevec®), in glioblastoma, have shown no major inhibition of tumor growth or extension of survival for patients, unlike those in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and gastrointestinal stromal tumors. The molecular mechanisms of action of imatinib in glioblastoma cells are still not well(More)
Accurate and reproducible HPLC methods were developed and validated for the determination of concentrations of luteolin (LT) and tetra-acetyl-luteolin (TALT) in rat plasma. HPLC analyses were performed on an Agilent TC-C(18) column protected by a guard Agilent Zorbax Eclipse Plus. The mobile phase for LT was a binary mixture of acetonitrile-water (40:60,(More)
Methods for computing similarities among genes have attracted increasing attention for their applications in gene clustering, gene expression data analysis, protein interaction prediction and evaluation. To address the need for automatically computing functional similarities of genes, an important class of methods that computes functional similarities by(More)
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a common malignancy, in which lymph node metastasis is a major determinant of outcome. The pathway deregulation resulting from a large number of somatic genetic alterations in the development of the tumor, plays an important role in lymphatic metastasis process. To detect the deregulated pathways to lymphatic(More)
The objective of this study was to explore the prognostic value of cancer stem cell markers, namely CD133, NANOG, and NOTCH1, in early stage oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). One hundred forty-four patients with early stage (cT1T2N0) OSCC were identified from a pre-existing database of patients with oral cancer. We examined the impact of the(More)
OBJECTIVE In China's Nong Zhuan Fei (NZF) communities, farmers living in rural villages are uprooted and moved into newly constructed urban apartments when the government purchases their land for residential and commercial development. With their relocation from a traditional rural setting to a modern urban setting, residents of NZF communities face(More)
where  < λ < n,  < β + λ < n, and p,q, r ≥  satisfying p + q + r = (n – λ – β)/λ. Recently, there has been tremendous interest in studying integral systems. Because the integral equation(s) not only formulate abstractly many laws and relations in science, engineering, economics, and other fields of applied science, but also they provide a special(More)