Jianjun Guan

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Heart diseases, including myocardial infarction (MI) and congestive heart failure (CHF), have high mortality rates. Both MI and CHF are characterized by cardiac muscle damage caused by massive cardiomyocyte death and reduced cardiac function. Cellular therapy aimed at using cells to improve cardiac function and/or regenerate new myocardium, has been(More)
One of the challenges in the tissue engineering of tubular tissues and organs is the efficient seeding of porous scaffolds with the desired cell type and density in a short period of time, without affecting cell viability. Though different seeding techniques have been investigated, a fast, reproducible, and efficient bulk seeding method with uniform(More)
Electrospinning permits fabrication of biodegradable elastomers into matrices that can resemble the scale and mechanical behavior of the native extracellular matrix. However, achieving high-cellular density and infiltration with this technique remains challenging and time consuming. We have overcome this limitation by electrospraying vascular smooth muscle(More)
Cell therapy with bone marrow multipotential stromal cells (MSCs) represents a promising approach to promote wound healing and tissue regeneration. MSCs expanded in vitro lose early progenitors with differentiation and therapeutic potentials under normoxic condition, whereas hypoxic condition promotes MSC self-renewal through preserving colony forming early(More)
In the engineering of soft tissues, scaffolds with high elastance and strength coupled with controllable biodegradable properties are necessary. To fulfill such design criteria we have previously synthesized two kinds of biodegradable polyurethaneureas, namely poly(ester urethane)urea (PEUU) and poly(ether ester urethane)urea (PEEUU) from polycaprolactone,(More)
The matricellular protein periostin is expressed in the skin. Although periostin has been hypothesized to contribute to dermal homeostasis and repair, this has not been directly tested. To assess the contribution of periostin to dermal healing, 6 mm full-thickness excisional wounds were created in the skin of periostin-knockout and wild-type, sex-matched(More)
Scaffolds that better approximate the mechanical properties of cardiovascular and other soft tissues might provide a more appropriate mechanical environment for tissue development or healing in vivo. An ability to induce local angiogenesis by controlled release of an angiogenic factor, such as basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), from a biodegradable(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) experience an extremely low rate of cardiac differentiation after transplantation into infarcted hearts, in part due to the inability of stiff scar tissue to support differentiation. We hypothesized that delivering MSCs in a hydrogel with a modulus matched to that of native heart tissue should stimulate MSC differentiation into(More)
Injection of a bulking material into the ventricular wall has been proposed as a therapy to prevent progressive adverse remodeling due to high wall stresses that develop after myocardial infarction. Our objective was to design, synthesize and characterize a biodegradable, thermoresponsive hydrogel for this application based on copolymerization of(More)
There is a clinical need for a tissue-engineered vascular graft (TEVG), and combining stem cells with biodegradable tubular scaffolds appears to be a promising approach. The goal of this study was to characterize the incorporation of muscle-derived stem cells (MDSCs) within tubular poly(ester urethane) urea (PEUU) scaffolds in vitro to understand their(More)