Jianjia Zhang

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Covariance matrix has recently received increasing attention in computer vision by leveraging Riemannian geometry of symmetric positive-definite (SPD) matrices. Originally proposed as a region descriptor, it has now been used as a generic representation in various recognition tasks. However, covariance matrix has shortcomings such as being prone to be(More)
Efficient Human Epithelial-2 cell image classification can facilitate the diagnosis of many autoimmune diseases. This paper proposes an automatic framework for this classification task, by utilizing the deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) which have recently attracted intensive attention in visual recognition. In addition to describing the proposed(More)
Recently, a sparse inverse covariance estimation (SICE) technique has been employed to model functional brain connectivity. The inverse covariance matrix (SICE matrix in short) estimated for each subject is used as a representation of brain connectivity to discriminate Alzheimers disease from normal controls. However, we observed that direct use of the SICE(More)
Bag-of-words model (BoW), inspired by the problem of text representation and classification, has attracted intensive attention in object and scene categorization for its flexibility and good performance. In BOW model, a visual vocabulary is obtained by clustering local patches detected from training image set, and then an image can be represented by the(More)
Stein kernel (SK) has recently shown promising performance on classifying images represented by symmetric positive definite (SPD) matrices. It evaluates the similarity between two SPD matrices through their eigenvalues. In this paper, we argue that directly using the original eigenvalues may be problematic because: 1) eigenvalue estimation becomes biased(More)
The past few years have witnessed increasing research interest on covariance-based feature representation. A variety of methods have been proposed to boost its efficacy, with some recent ones resorting to nonlinear kernel technique. Noting that the essence of this feature representation is to characterise the underlying structure of visual features, this(More)
As a principled method for partial correlation estimation, sparse inverse covariance estimation (SICE) has been employed to model brain connectivity networks, which holds great promise for brain disease diagnosis. For each subject, the SICE method naturally leads to a set of connectivity networks with various sparsity. However, existing methods usually(More)
Distributional word clustering merges the words having similar probability distributions to attain reliable parameter estimation, compact classification models and even better classification performance. Agglomerative Information Bottleneck (AIB) is one of the typical word clustering algorithms and has been applied to both traditional text classification(More)
The success of many visual recognition tasks largely depends on a good similarity measure, and distance metric learning plays an important role in this regard. Meanwhile, Symmetric Positive Definite (SPD) matrix is receiving increased attention for feature representation in multiple computer vision applications. However, distance metric learning on SPD(More)