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OBJECTIVES We carried out a detailed exposure assessment of benzene and toluene in two shoe factories in Tianjin, China. Our goal was to identify workers with a broad range of benzene exposures, for an epidemiologic study relating exposure to early biologic effects. METHODS A comprehensive exposure survey program was initiated. Over a period of 16 months,(More)
A simple and efficient synthesis of 2-amino pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives was accomplished via a three-component reaction under microwave irradiation without catalyst. This method had many dramatic advantages such as the short reaction time, high yield, and broad substrate scope, as well as convenient operation. We provide new series of potential(More)
A series of N-substituted 4-aryl-4,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinoline-2,5(1H,3H)-diones were synthesized through a rapid one-pot four-component reaction under microwave irradiation. The method has the advantages of excellent yields (82-96%) and short reaction time (4-9 min). We provide new series of potential biologically active compounds for biomedical screening.
[reaction: see text]. Brønsted acid-base ionic liquids (GILs) based on guanidine and acetic acid are efficient reaction media for palladium-catalyzed Heck reactions. They offer the advantages of high activity and reusability. GIL2 plays multiple roles in the reaction: it could act as solvent, as a strong base to facilitate beta-hydride elimination, and as a(More)
In title compound, [Ni(C 9 H 5 NO 4 S)(H 2 O) 2 ] n , the Ni II atom is coordinated by one N atom and two bridging O atoms from two 8-oxidoquinoline-5-sulfonate ligands, one sulfonate O atom from a third ligand, and two water molecules in a distorted octahedral geometry. The two Ni II atoms are linked to each other through the bridging O atoms, forming a(More)
Ten to twenty percent of the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients fulfilling the Milan criteria (MC) recurred within three years after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). We therefore utilize a training cohort to develop an improved prognostic model for predicting the recurrence in these patients. By univariate and multivariate analysis, AFP level(More)
Indium metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) were first used as recyclable heterogeneous Lewis acid catalysts for the synthesis of amino acid derivatives with excellent conversion yields. Moreover, exposed ether groups (Lewis basic sites) on the pore walls of In-MOF 2 could activate trimethylsilyl cyanide, forming hypervalent silicate intermediates, as proven by(More)
Ordered MCM-41-type mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with pore size of 2.6 nm were synthesized and were further modified with various amounts of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES), respectively, by a direct co-condensation method. These amine functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles (Am-MSNs) were employed to complex with plasmid DNA (pDNA) to(More)
Three scandium metal-organic frameworks (Sc-MOFs), [Sc(pydc)(Hpydc)(H2O)]·H2O (1), [Sc2(pydc)3(H2O)4]·5H2O (2) and [Sc(pydc)(H2O)(NO3)] (3) with similar Sc2(pydc)2 building unit were prepared by using 2,3-pyridinedicarboxylic acid (H2pydc) ligand under hydrothermal conditions. Compound 1 exhibits a ladder-shaped chain with Sc2(pydc)2 units, which further(More)
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