Jianhui Zhuang

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BACKGROUND Vaspin has insulin-sensitizing effects, as well as additional beneficial effects on metabolic diseases. However, little is known about the direct effects of vaspin on vascular complications mediated by diabetes. The objective of this study is to determine the efficacy and mechanism of vaspin on hyperglycemia-induced vascular smooth muscle cells(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that overweight and obesity, expressed as high body mass index (BMI), are associated with the development of atrial fibrillation (AF) and quality of life (QoL) in AF patients. However, the role of high BMI as a risk factor for prognosis and QoL in AF patients undergoing ablation remains controversial. (More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes exacerbates abnormal vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) accumulation in response to arterial wall injury. Vinpocetine has been shown to improve vascular remolding; however, little is known about the direct effects of vinpocetine on vascular complications mediated by diabetes. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have found additional roles for vinpocetine, a potent phosphodiesterase type I inhibitor, in anti-proliferation and anti-inflammation of vascular smooth muscle cells and cancer cells via different mechanisms. In this study, we attempted to investigate whether vinpocetine protected against atherosclerotic development in apoE(-/-)(More)
AIMS Left atrial (LA) enlargement is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, it is controversial whether dilated atrium can predict post-ablation AF recurrence. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to analyse the association between LA diameter and AF recurrence after single circumferential pulmonary vein isolation (CPVI) and(More)
BACKGROUND Genome-wide association studies have identified that multiple single nucleiotide polymorphisms on chromosome 9p21 are tightly associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the mechanism linking this risk locus to CAD remains unclear. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The methylation status of six candidate genes (BAX, BCL-2, TIMP3,(More)
Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that the Rho/Rho-associated protein kinase (Rho/ROCK) and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) signaling pathways are involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular injury. In this study, we investigated the beneficial effects of fasudil, a ROCK inhibitor, on vascular endothelial injury induced by advanced glycation end(More)
OBJECTIVE DNA methylation plays an important role in chronic diseases such as atherosclerosis, yet the mechanisms are poorly understood. The objective of our study is to indicate the regulatory mechanisms of DNA methylation in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and its roles in atherosclerosis. APPROACH AND RESULTS In ApoE-/- mice fed a Western diet,(More)
Here, we investigate the apoptotic effect of allicin, the predominant component of freshly crushed garlic, on neuroblastoma cells. In this paper, the authors have first assessed the effect of allicin on human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells and then investigated the underlying mechanism. The results indicate that allicin suppresses SK-N-SH cell growth in a(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation, migration, and dedifferentiation are critical for vascular diseases. Recently, it was demonstrated that Notch receptors have opposing effects on intima formation after vessel injury. Therefore, it is important to investigate the specific regulatory pathways that activate the different Notch receptors. (More)