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Co-delivery of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and paclitaxel (PTX) is an attractive strategy to enhance their anti-tumor efficacy. As the most aggressive brain tumor, glioblastoma is sensitive to TRAIL and PTX. However, their therapeutic efficacy for intracranial glioblastoma is significantly impaired by blood-brain barrier(More)
In vitro experiments have shown that the upregulation of small-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (SK) channels in ventricular epicardial myocytes is responsible for spontaneous ventricular fibrillation (VF) in failing ventricles. However, the role of SK channels in regulating VF has not yet been described in in vivo acute myocardial infarction (AMI)(More)
Elicitation is an important strategy to improve production of secondary metabolites in vitro. Artemisinic acid was studied as a novel elicitor to enhance the yield of terpenoid indole alkaloids in the present paper. Our results demonstrated that the concentrations of vindoline and vinblastine were increased by sixfold and twofold, respectively, compared to(More)
The posttranslational modification of proteins by small ubiquitin-like modifiers (SUMOs) has emerged as an important regulatory mechanism for the alteration of protein activity, stability, and cellular localization. The latest research demonstrates that sumoylation is extensively involved in the regulation of the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) pathway, which(More)
Surface engineering of nanoparticles with lectins opened a novel pathway to improve the brain uptake of agents loaded by biodegradable PEG-PLA nanoparticles following intranasal administration. Ulex europeus agglutinin I (UEA I), specifically binding to l-fucose, which is largely located in the olfactory epithelium, was selected as a promising targeting(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a group of endogenous small non-coding RNAs that play important roles in plant growth, development, and stress response processes. Verticillium wilt is a vascular disease in plants mainly caused by Verticillium dahliae Kleb., the soil-borne fungal pathogen. However, the role of miRNAs in the regulation of Verticillium defense(More)
Even though the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is compromised for angiogenesis, therapeutic agents for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are particularly inefficient due to the existence of a blood-tumor barrier (BTB), which hampers tumor accumulation and uptake. Integrin α(v)β(3) is overexpressed on glioblastoma U87 cells and neovasculture, thus making its ligands(More)
Plant S-phase kinase-associated protein 1 (SKP1) genes play crucial roles in plant development and differentiation. However, the role of SKP1 in citrus is unclear. Herein, we described a novel SKP1-like gene, designated as CrWSKP1, from "Wuzishatangju" (Citrus reticulata Blanco). The cDNA sequence of CrWSKP1 is 779 base pairs (bp) and contains an open(More)
The central nervous system plays an important role in regulating sympathetic outflow and arterial pressure in response to ethanol exposure. However, the underlying neural mechanisms have not been fully understood. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that injection of ethanol in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) increases sympathetic(More)
A new antitumor and antioxidant peptide (H3) was isolated from Arca subcrenata Lischke using ion exchange and hydrophobic column chromatography. The purity of H3 was over 99.3% in reversed phase-high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) and the molecular weight was determined to be 20,491.0 Da by electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS).(More)