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VEGF is unique among angiogenic growth factors because it disrupts endothelial barrier function. Therefore, we considered whether this property of VEGF might contribute to tumor cell extravasation and metastasis. To test this, mice lacking the Src family kinases Src or Yes, which maintain endothelial barrier function in the presence of VEGF, were injected(More)
Sphingomyelin breakdown product ceramide has recently been found to induce an adaptive response and reduce myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. Since activation of MAP kinases plays an essential role in myocardial adaptation to ischemic stress and since ceramide is involved in lipid raft formation where MAP kinases can be translocated in response to(More)
The study aimed to examine whether L-carnitine and its derivatives, acetyl-L-carnitine and propionyl-L-carnitine, were equally effective and able to improve postischemic cardiac function, reduce the incidence of reperfusion-induced ventricular fibrillation, infarct size, and apoptotic cell death in ischemic/reperfused isolated rat hearts. There are several(More)
BACKGROUND A recent study showed increased myocardial content of ceramide and sphingosine during preconditioning (PC). Because sphingosine-1-phosphate, a metabolite of ceramide, may function as an antiapoptotic factor, we hypothesized the increased ceramide during PC may be heart's effort to harness its own protection. STUDY DESIGN The isolated hearts(More)
BACKGROUND Heart failure remains a significant problem. Tissue-engineered cardiac patches offer potential to treat severe heart failure. We studied an extracellular matrix scaffold for repairing the infarcted left ventricle. METHODS AND RESULTS Pigs (n=42) underwent left ventricular (LV) infarction. At 6 to 8 weeks, either 4-layer multilaminate urinary(More)
To study if white wines, like red wine, can also protect the heart from ischemia reperfusion injury, ethanol-free extracts of three different white wines (WW1, WW2 and WW3) (100 mg/100 g body weight) were given orally to Sprague Dawley rats (200 g body weight) for three weeks. Control rats were given water only for the same period of time. After three(More)
Resveratrol has been shown to possess multiple pharmacological activities including anti-tumor, anti-inflammation and immunomodulation, and participates in the regulation of the NF-kappaB signaling pathway. However, the mechanism of the NF-kappaB signaling pathway inhibited by resveratrol remains obscure. In this study, we first examined the effect of(More)
Epidemiologic studies suggest that mild-to-moderate wine consumption is associated with a reduced incidence of mortality and morbidity from coronary heart disease. Because wines are produced from grapes, this study was done to determine whether the grapes were equally cardioprotective. Sprague-Dawley male rats were given (orally) standardized grape extract(More)
Recent studies have documented that grapes and grape juices are equally cardioprotective as red wine. The existing reports implicate that the skin and seeds of the grapes containing polyphenolic antioxidants are instrumental for the cardioprotective properties of grapes. The present study examines if the flesh of grapes also possesses any cardioprotective(More)
Extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds may be useful as a tissue engineering approach toward myocardial regeneration in the infarcted heart. An appropriate large-animal model for testing the utility of biologically derived ECM in this application is needed. The purpose of this study was to develop such a model for optimal procedural success during and after(More)