Jianhong Xu

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A total of 122 wheat varieties obtained from the Nordic Genetic Resource Center were infected artificially with an aggressive Fusariumasiaticum strain in a field experiment. We calculated the severity of Fusarium head blight (FHB) and determined the deoxynivalenol (DON) content of wheat grain, straw and glumes. We found DON contamination levels to be(More)
SUMMARY Let M T be the mean ÿrst passage matrix for an n-state ergodic Markov chain with a transition matrix T. We partition T as a 2 × 2 block matrix and show how to reconstruct M T eeciently by using the blocks of T and the mean ÿrst passage matrices associated with the non-overlapping Perron complements of T. We present a schematic diagram showing how(More)
Members of the Fusarium graminearum species complex (FGSC) cause Fusarium head blight in small cereal grains all over the world. To determine the species and trichothecene chemotype composition and population structure of FGSC in Jiangsu and Anhui provinces, an area where epidemics occur regularly, 891 isolates were collected in two consecutive years (2011(More)
Deoxynivalenol (DON), one of the trichothecene mycotoxins, is a worldwide contaminant of wheat and barley, especially when infected by Fusarium graminearum, the causative agent of an epidemic wheat disease called Fusarium Head Blight. Because of the high risk of DON ingestion and the possibility of frequent exposure, it is important to develop a rapid and(More)
The transgenic wheat line N12-1 containing the WYMV-Nib8 gene was obtained previously through particle bombardment, and it can effectively control the wheat yellow mosaic virus (WYMV) disease transmitted by Polymyxa graminis at turngreen stage. Due to insertion of an exogenous gene, the transcriptome of wheat may be altered and affect root exudates. Thus,(More)
In a recent paper Holtz showed that M–matrices satisfy Newton's inequalities and so do the inverses of nonsingular M–matrices. Since nonsingular M–matrices and their inverses display various types of monotonic behavior, monotonicity properties adapted for Newton's inequalities are examined for nonsingular M–matrices and their inverses. In the second part of(More)