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BACKGROUND In the face of an influenza pandemic, accurate estimates of epidemiologic parameters are required to help guide decision-making. We sought to estimate epidemiologic parameters for pandemic H1N1 influenza using data from initial reports of laboratory-confirmed cases. METHODS We obtained data on laboratory-confirmed cases of pandemic H1N1(More)
The present study investigated the penetration and potential toxicity of titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) nanoparticles following its dermal exposure in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, after exposure to isolated porcine skin for 24h, titanium dioxide nanoparticles of carious sizes cannot penetrate through stratum corneum. Interestingly, when studied in vivo, quite(More)
Data clustering has been discussed extensively, but almost all known conventional clustering algorithms tend to break down in high dimensional spaces because of the inherent sparsity of the data points. Existing subspace clustering algorithms for handling high-dimensional data focus on numerical dimensions. In this paper, we designed an iterative algorithm(More)
It has long been suspected that a double Holliday junction (dHJ) could be resolved by a topoisomerase partnered with a helicase by convergent branch migration of the HJs. Genetic analysis of yeast TOP3 and SGS1 has lent considerable evidence to the notion that the protein products of these genes are involved in just such a process, although biochemical(More)
Members of the RecQ family play critical roles in maintaining genome integrity. Mutations in human RecQL4 cause a rare genetic disorder, Rothmund-Thomson syndrome. Transgenic mice experiments showed that the RecQ4 null mutant causes embryonic lethality. Although biochemical evidence suggests that the Xenopus RecQ4 is required for the initiation of DNA(More)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), a new, highly contagious, viral disease, emerged in China late in 2002 and quickly spread to 32 countries and regions causing in excess of 774 deaths and 8098 infections worldwide. In the absence of a rapid diagnostic test, therapy or vaccine, isolation of individuals diagnosed with SARS and quarantine of(More)
The surface glycoprotein hemagglutinin (HA) helps the influenza A virus to evade the host immune system by antigenic variation and is a major driving force for viral evolution. In this study, the selection pressure on HA of H5N1 influenza A virus was analyzed using bioinformatics algorithms. Most of the identified positive selection (PS) sites were found to(More)