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To examine the bacterial community structure in the Fildes Peninsula, King George Island, Antarctica, we examined the bacterial diversity and community composition of samples collected from lacustrine sediment, marine sediment, penguin ornithogenic sediments, and soils using culture-dependent and culture-independent methods. The 70 strains fell into five(More)
The dielectric permittivity and electric breakdown strength of nanocomposites comprising poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoro propylene) and phosphonic acid surface-modified BaTiO(3) nanoparticles have been investigated as a function of the volume fraction of nanoparticles. The mode of binding of pentafluorobenzylphosphonic acid on the BaTiO(3) particles(More)
The utility of ferroelectric materials stems from the ability to nucleate and move polarized domains using an electric field. To understand the mechanisms of polarization switching, structural characterization at the nanoscale is required. We used aberration-corrected transmission electron microscopy to follow the kinetics and dynamics of ferroelectric(More)
Nanostructured ferroelectric patterns are promising for a wide range of applications, including sensing and actuation, data storage, photonics, spintronics, and energy conversion and storage. In this work, a rapid nanoimprinting technique is developed to pattern ferroelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) [P(VDF-TrFE)] copolymers in just 3(More)
Two-dimensional equations for coupled extensional, flexural, and thickness-shear motions of laminated plates of piezoelectromagnetic layers are obtained from 3-dimensional equations. The equations are used to analyze magnetoelectric couplings in the extensional deformation of a laminated plate of piezoelectric and piezomagnetic layers. Magnetoelectric(More)
Ferroelectric ceramics are widely used as sensors and actuators for their electro-mechanical properties, and in electronic applications for their dielectric properties. Domain switching--the phenomenon wherein the ferroelectric material changes from one spontaneously polarized state to another under electrical or mechanical loads--is an important attribute(More)
Molecular ferroelectrics are highly desirable for their easy and environmentally friendly processing, light weight, and mechanical flexibility. We found that diisopropylammonium bromide (DIPAB), a molecular crystal processed from aqueous solution, is a ferroelectric with a spontaneous polarization of 23 microcoulombs per square centimeter [close to that of(More)
Many biological tissues are piezoelectric and pyroelectric with spontaneous polarization. Ferroelectricity, however, has not been reported in soft biological tissues yet. Using piezoresponse force microscopy, we discover that the porcine aortic walls are not only piezoelectric, but also ferroelectric, with the piezoelectric coefficient in the order of 1(More)
Two kinds of thermally responsive polymers P(FAA-NIPA-co-AAm-co-ODA) and P(FPA-NIPA-co-AAm-co-ODA) containing folate, isopropyl acrylamide and octadecyl acrylate were fabricated through free radical random copolymerization for targeted drug delivery. Then the micelles formed in aqueous solution by self-assembly and were characterized in terms of particle(More)
Applications of ferroelectric ceramics, ranging from components for sensors, memory devices, microelectromechanical systems, and energy convertors, all involve planar and rigid layouts. The brittle nature of such materials and their high-temperature processing requirements limit applications to devices that involve only very small mechanical deformations(More)