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In order to evaluate the toxicity of TiO(2) particles, the acute toxicity of nano-sized TiO(2) particles (25 and 80nm) on adult mice was investigated compared with fine TiO(2) particles (155nm). Due to the low toxicity, a fixed large dose of 5g/kg body weight of TiO(2) suspensions was administrated by a single oral gavage according to the OECD procedure. In(More)
Nanoscale titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) is massively produced and widely used in living environment, which hence make the potential risk to human health. Central nervous system (CNS) is the potential susceptible target of inhaled nanoparticles, but the studies on this aspect are limited so far. We report the accumulation and toxicity results in vivo of two(More)
Nanoscale materials (such as TiO2, hydroxyapatite nanoparticles) have gained much concern in the coating of implants for cell adhesion and growth to improve the osteoconductivity. However, due to attrition and corrosion, the wear particles would be generated from the joint in living organism, and influence the physiological function of synovial membranes in(More)
Nanoparticles can be administered via nasal, oral, intraocular, intratracheal (pulmonary toxicity), tail vein and other routes. Here, we focus on the time-dependent translocation and potential damage of TiO(2) nanoparticles on central nervous system (CNS) through intranasal instillation. Size and structural properties are important to assess biological(More)
[Gd@C82(OH)22]n particles (22 nm in a saline solution) of a dose level as low as 10(-7) mol/kg exhibit a very high antineoplastic efficiency ( approximately 60%) in mice. A dose increment of 1 x 10(-7) mol/kg increases the tumor inhibition rate 26%. [Gd@C82(OH)22]n particles have a strong capacity to improve immunity and interfere with tumor invasion in(More)
Oxidative stress is considered to be one of the important mechanisms involved in carcinogenesis. In our previous study, gadolinium endohedral metallofullerenol ([Gd@C82(OH)22]n nanoparticles) have shown high inhibitory activity on hepatoma cell (H22) growth in mice. To explore the antioxidative functions of nanoparticles, we investigated the biodistribution(More)
Bone repair ability of microencapsulated chitosan, nanohydroxyapatite/collagen (nHAC), and poly(L-lactide) (PLLA)-based microsphere-scaffold delivery system was investigated in present research, with nHAC/PLLA composite scaffold as a control. Chitosan microspheres (CMs) encapsulated with bone morphogenetic protein-2-derived synthetic peptide were(More)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the overall toxicity of nasal instilled nanoscale copper particles (23.5 nm) in mice. Pathological examination, target organs identification, and blood biochemical assay of experimental mice were carried out in comparison with micro-sized copper particles (17 microm). However, only in the high-dose group of copper(More)
With the rapid development of nanotechnology, a variety of engineered nanoparticles (NPs) are being produced. Nanotoxicology has become a hot topic in many fields, as researchers attempt to elucidate the potential adverse health effects of NPs. The biological activity of NPs strongly depends on physicochemical parameters but these are not routinely(More)
The synovial sarcoma X breakpoint (SSX) gene family contains nine members. The SSX proteins are CT (cancer/testis) antigens and can be expressed in many tumor types. T cell immune response against SSX protein can be detected in tumor patients and mice expressing any SSX. Screening predominant protective epitopes might improve the low immunogenicity against(More)