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Biometrics is a rapidly developing technology that is to identify a person based on his or her physiological or behavioral characteristics. To ensure the correction of authentication, the biometric system must be able to detect and reject the use of a copy of a biometric instead of the live biometric. This function is usually termed “liveness detection”.(More)
Two different mechanisms are considered to be the primary cause of aging. Cumulative DNA damage caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS), the by-products of oxidative phosphorylation, is one of these mechanisms (ROS concept). Constitutive stimulation of mitogen- and nutrient-sensing mTOR/S6 signaling is the second mechanism (TOR concept). The flow- and laser(More)
We have shown before that constitutive DNA damage signaling represented by H2AX-Ser139 phosphorylation and ATM activation in untreated normal and tumor cells is a reporter of the persistent DNA replication stress induced by endogenous oxidants, the by-products of aerobic respiration. In the present study we observed that exposure of normal mitogenically(More)
Mangroves are unique and highly productive ecosystems and harbor very special microbial communities. Although the phylogenetic diversity of sediment microbial communities of mangrove habitats has been examined extensively, little is known regarding their functional gene diversity and metabolic potential. In this study, a high-throughput functional gene(More)
A number of studies have shown an association of pathogens with caveolae. To this date, however, there are no studies showing a role for caveolin-1 in modulating immune responses against pathogens. Interestingly, expression of caveolin-1 has been shown to occur in a regulated manner in immune cells in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Here, we sought to(More)
In this study, Nitrosomonas europaea ATCC 19718 was exposed to silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) of different particle size (7±3 and 40±14nm) and different coatings (polyvinyl alcohol and adenosine triphosphate disodium). For all different AgNPs used in the study, large aggregates were gradually formed after addition of AgNPs into the media containing N.(More)
The highly developed crystallization process with respect to perovskite thin films is favorable for efficient solar cells. Here, an innovative intermolecular self-assembly approach was employed to retard the crystallization of PbI2 in dimethylformamide (DMF) by additional solvent of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), which was proved to be capable of coordinating(More)
The "click chemistry" approach utilizing 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) as a DNA precursor was recently introduced to assess DNA replication and adapted to flow- and imaging-cytometry. In the present study, we observed that EdU, once incorporated into DNA, induces DNA damage signaling (DDS) such as phosphorylation of ATM on Ser1981, of histone H2AX on(More)
Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is a protein marker for caveolae organelles, and acts as a scaffolding protein to negatively regulate the activity of signaling molecules by binding to and releasing them in a timely fashion. We have previously shown that loss of Cav-1 promotes the proliferation of mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) in vitro. Here, to investigate the in vivo(More)
Anaerobic digestion (AD) is one of the most widely used processes to stabilize waste sewage sludge and produce biogas renewable energy. In this study, two different iron nanoparticles [nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) and magnetite (Fe3O4)] were used in the mesophilic AD processes (37 ± 1 °C) to improve biogas production. In addition, changes of heavy(More)