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Reverse transcription quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) is a sensitive technique for quantifying gene expression, but its success depends on the stability of the reference gene(s) used for data normalization. Only a few studies on validation of reference genes have been conducted in fruit trees and none in banana yet. In the present work, 20 candidate(More)
This paper proposes a general framework called Markov stationary features (MSF) to extend histogram based features. The MSF characterizes the spatial co-occurrence of histogram patterns by Markov chain models, and finally yields a compact feature representation through Markov stationary analysis. Therefore, the MSF goes one step beyond histograms since it(More)
Reverse transcription quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR), a sensitive technique for quantifying gene expression, depends on the stability of the reference gene(s) used for data normalization. Only a few studies on reference genes have been done in fruit trees and none in litchi. In the present study, seven frequently used candidate reference genes,(More)
We present a novel boosting cascade based face detection framework using SURF features. The framework is derived from the well-known Viola-Jones (VJ) framework but distinguished by two key contributions. First, the proposed framework deals with only several hundreds of multidimensional local SURF patches instead of hundreds of thousands of single(More)
RATIONALE Obstructive sleep apnea, a condition leading to chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH), is associated with hyperlipidemia, atherosclerosis, and a high cardiovascular risk. A causal link between obstructive sleep apnea and atherosclerosis has not been established. OBJECTIVES The objective of the present study was to examine whether CIH may induce(More)
BACKGROUND Although many studies have suggested that biomass smoke is a risk factor for COPD, the relationship between the two has not been firmly established. In particular, the extent of the association between exposure of biomass smoke and COPD in different populations, as well as the relationship between biomass smoke and cigarette smoke, is not clear.(More)
OBJECTIVE High level of homocysteine (Hcy) is a recognized risk factor for developing Alzheimer disease (AD). However, the mechanisms involved are unknown. Previously, it was shown that high Hcy increases brain β-amyloid (Aβ) levels in amyloid precursor protein transgenic mice, but no data are available on the effect that it may have on the other main(More)
We previously observed that (trans)-3,4-dichloro-N-methyl-N-[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-cyclohexyl]benzeneacetamide (U50,488H) promoted internalization and phosphorylation of the FLAG-tagged human kappa opioid receptor (FLAG-hkor) stably expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. In this study, we compared regulation of the FLAG-hkor expressed in CHO cells by(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Although many clinical physiology and epidemiology studies show an association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and markers of insulin resistance, no causal pathway has been established. The purpose of the current study was to determine if the intermittent hypoxia (IH) stimulus that characterizes OSA causes insulin resistance(More)