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In plants, the known microRNAs (miRNAs) are produced as approximately 21 nucleotide (nt) duplexes from their precursors by Dicer-like 1 (DCL1). They are incorporated into Argonaute 1 (AGO1) protein to regulate target gene expression primarily through mRNA cleavage. We report here the discovery of a class of miRNAs in the model monocot rice (Oryza sativa).(More)
BACKGROUND Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) by massively parallel sequencing is a useful clinical test for the detection of common fetal aneuploidies. While the accuracy of aneuploidy detection can approach 100%, results discordant with the fetus are occasionally reported. In this study we investigated the basis of a discordant T21 positive and T18(More)
BACKGROUND In the human fetus, sex chromosome aneuploidies (SCAs) are as prevalent as the common autosomal trisomies 21, 18, and 13. Currently, most noninvasive prenatal tests (NIPTs) offer screening only for chromosomes 21, 18, and 13, because the sensitivity and specificity are markedly higher than for the sex chromosomes. Limited studies suggest that the(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of highly conserved endogenous non-coding small RNAs crossing kingdoms of organisms. By searching known miRNAs identified from plant species against tomato nucleotide sequences, 13 pre-miRNAs of the nine mature miRNAs were found, amongst, six had been cloned. To confirm our prediction, a miRNA-detecting microarray was designed(More)
Chromosome aneuploidies commonly arise in embryos produced by assisted reproductive technologies and represent a major cause of implantation failure and miscarriage. Currently, preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is performed by array-based methods to identify euploid embryos for transfer to the patient. We speculated that a combination of(More)
Detection of chromosome copy number variation (CNV) plays an important role in the diagnosis of patients with unexplained clinical symptoms and for the identification of chromosome disease syndromes in the established fetus. In current clinical practice, karyotyping, in conjunction with array-based methods, is the gold standard for detection of CNV. To(More)
Next-generation sequencing is emerging as a reliable and accurate technology for pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) of aneuploidies and translocations. The aim of this study was to extend the clinical utility of copy number variation sequencing (CNV-Seq) to the detection of small pathogenic copy number variations (CNVs) associated with chromosome(More)
Embryos produced by assisted reproductive technologies are commonly associated with a high level of aneuploidy. Currently, 24-chromosome profiling of embryo biopsy samples by array-based methods is available to identify euploid embryos for transfer that have a higher potential for implantation and development to term. From a laboratory and patient(More)
Potato (Solanum tuberosum) is an important crop around the world, and accounts for a significant amount of the food consumed by humans. However, little information is available about potato miRNAs which play important regulatory roles in plant growth and development. In the present study, computational prediction of potential miRNAs from potato revealed 71(More)
Reliable and accurate pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) of patient's embryos by next-generation sequencing (NGS) is dependent on efficient whole genome amplification (WGA) of a representative biopsy sample. However, the performance of the current state of the art WGA methods has not been evaluated for sequencing. Using low template DNA (15 pg) and(More)