Jianguang Zhang

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In plants, the known microRNAs (miRNAs) are produced as approximately 21 nucleotide (nt) duplexes from their precursors by Dicer-like 1 (DCL1). They are incorporated into Argonaute 1 (AGO1) protein to regulate target gene expression primarily through mRNA cleavage. We report here the discovery of a class of miRNAs in the model monocot rice (Oryza sativa).(More)
Embryos produced by assisted reproductive technologies are commonly associated with a high level of aneuploidy. Currently, 24-chromosome profiling of embryo biopsy samples by array-based methods is available to identify euploid embryos for transfer that have a higher potential for implantation and development to term. From a laboratory and patient(More)
Next-generation sequencing is emerging as a reliable and accurate technology for pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) of aneuploidies and translocations. The aim of this study was to extend the clinical utility of copy number variation sequencing (CNV-Seq) to the detection of small pathogenic copy number variations (CNVs) associated with chromosome(More)
BACKGROUND Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) by massively parallel sequencing is a useful clinical test for the detection of common fetal aneuploidies. While the accuracy of aneuploidy detection can approach 100%, results discordant with the fetus are occasionally reported. In this study we investigated the basis of a discordant T21 positive and T18(More)
Reliable and accurate pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) of patient's embryos by next-generation sequencing (NGS) is dependent on efficient whole genome amplification (WGA) of a representative biopsy sample. However, the performance of the current state of the art WGA methods has not been evaluated for sequencing. Using low template DNA (15 pg) and(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small RNAs that affect the morphological and physiological development of plants. In recent years, there is accumulating evidence that miRNAs are involved in defense mechanism of host plants. Therefore, investigating the alteration of miRNAs expression profiles after virus infection will provide new insights for(More)
Purpose: The prevalence of mutations in cancer susceptibility genes such as BRCA1 and BRCA2 and other cancer susceptibility genes and their clinical relevance are largely unknown among a large series of unselected breast cancer patients in the Chinese population.Experimental Design: A total of 8,085 consecutive unselected Chinese breast cancer patients were(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of highly conserved endogenous non-coding small RNAs crossing kingdoms of organisms. By searching known miRNAs identified from plant species against tomato nucleotide sequences, 13 pre-miRNAs of the nine mature miRNAs were found, amongst, six had been cloned. To confirm our prediction, a miRNA-detecting microarray was designed(More)
BACKGROUND In the human fetus, sex chromosome aneuploidies (SCAs) are as prevalent as the common autosomal trisomies 21, 18, and 13. Currently, most noninvasive prenatal tests (NIPTs) offer screening only for chromosomes 21, 18, and 13, because the sensitivity and specificity are markedly higher than for the sex chromosomes. Limited studies suggest that the(More)
Potato (Solanum tuberosum) is an important crop around the world, and accounts for a significant amount of the food consumed by humans. However, little information is available about potato miRNAs which play important regulatory roles in plant growth and development. In the present study, computational prediction of potential miRNAs from potato revealed 71(More)