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The interleukin-6 (IL-6) pathway is one of the mechanisms that link inflammation and angiogenesis with malignancy. Since nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) is a potential sign for inflammation, NF-κB has been associated with the progression of disease in various types of cancer. In the present study, we investigated the effect of(More)
Postoperative wound infection is a rare, but major, complication of replantation. Failure to control infection can lead directly to vascular thrombosis and, in turn, to loss of the replanted extremity. The use of maggots for wound debridement has a long history and has been lately re-introduced for treatment of intractable wounds. In this report, the(More)
The involvement of tRNA structural elements beyond the anticodon in aminoacyl-tRNA (aa-tRNA) selection by the ribosome has revealed that substrate recognition is considerably more complex than originally envisioned in the adaptor hypothesis. By combining recent breakthroughs in aa-tRNA synthesis and mechanistic and structural studies of protein synthesis,(More)
The cellular translational machinery (TM) synthesizes proteins using exclusively L- or achiral aminoacyl-tRNAs (aa-tRNAs), despite the presence of D-amino acids in nature and their ability to be aminoacylated onto tRNAs by aa-tRNA synthetases. The ubiquity of L-amino acids in proteins has led to the hypothesis that D-amino acids are not substrates for the(More)
Single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (smFRET) has emerged as a powerful tool for mechanistic investigations of increasingly complex biochemical systems. Recently, we and others have successfully used smFRET to directly investigate the role of structural dynamics in the function and regulation of the cellular protein synthesis machinery. A(More)
Joining of the large, 50S, ribosomal subunit to the small, 30S, ribosomal subunit initiation complex (IC) during bacterial translation initiation is catalyzed by the initiation factor (IF) IF2. Because the rate of subunit joining is coupled to the IF, transfer RNA (tRNA), and mRNA codon compositions of the 30S IC, the subunit joining reaction functions as a(More)
Urine is an important source of biomarkers. A single proteomics assay can identify hundreds of differentially expressed proteins between disease and control samples; however, the ability to select biomarker candidates with the most promise for further validation study remains difficult. A bioinformatics tool that allows accurate and convenient comparison of(More)
An automatic segmentation algorithm for touching rice grains images was proposed. Original gray image from rice inspection system was transformed into binary image and the edges of touching grains were extracted and de-noising was operated. This algorithm detected concave corner points of touching rice grains by a sector area and found corner point pairs by(More)
The objective of this paper was to study the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of Radix Angelicae Pubescentis (R.A.P) ethanol extracts. Three classic anti-inflammatory models and two analgesic models were used in this research. In anti-inflammatory tests, all the extracts have a certain inhibition on the acute inflammation induced by xylene, however,(More)