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BACKGROUND The prevalence of chronic kidney disease is high in developing countries. However, no national survey of chronic kidney disease has been done incorporating both estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria in a developing country with the economic diversity of China. We aimed to measure the prevalence of chronic kidney disease in(More)
INTRODUCTION The primary aim of this study was to determine whether hypophosphatemia during continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH) is associated with the global outcome of critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS 760 patients diagnosed with AKI and had received CVVH therapy were retrospectively recruited. Death during the(More)
We report experiments and modeling of translocation of double-strand DNA through a siliconoxide nanopore. Long DNA molecules with different lengths ranging from 6500 to 97000 base pairs have been electrophoretically driven through a 10 nm pore. We observe a power-law caling of the translocation time with the length, with an exponent of 1.27. This nonlinear(More)
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) has become a worldwide public health problem, but little information is available about the disease burden in China. We aimed to evaluate the burden of AKI and assess the availability of diagnosis and treatment in China. METHODS We launched a nationwide, cross-sectional survey of adult patients who were admitted to(More)
BACKGROUND Acute gastrointestinal illness (AGI) is an important public-health problem worldwide. Previous national studies of the incidence of AGI in China were performed decades ago, and detailed information was not available. This study therefore sought to determine the magnitude, distribution, and burden of self-reported AGI in China. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Mineral and bone disorder (MBD) in patients with chronic kidney disease is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Studies regarding the status of MBD treatment in developing countries, especially in Chinese dialysis patients are extremely limited. METHODS A cross-sectional study of 1711 haemodialysis (HD) patients and 363 peritoneal(More)
This paper describes a high precision high order curvature compensated bandgap voltage reference in a 0.5-μm 2P3M n-well mixed signal CMOS technology. This newly proposed bandgap voltage reference utilizes a Buck's voltage transfer cell and a temperature independent current, to provide a high order compensation of the V BE. Cascode structures are also(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main cause of death in patients on chronic dialysis. The question whether dialysis modality impacts cardiovascular risk remains to be addressed. China Collaborative Study on Dialysis, a multi-centers cohort study, was performed to evaluate cardiovascular morbidity during maintenance hemodialysis (HD) and(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and metabolic diseases has increased at different rates in different regions in China. The aim of our study was to estimate the prevalence of CKD and to analyze associated risk factors of CKD in Zhejiang province, Eastern China. METHODS A cross-sectional survey of 11,013 adults was conducted from(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore the association of dietary behaviour factors on obesity among city, township and rural area adults. SETTING A stratified cluster sampling technique was employed in the present cross-sectional study. On the basis of socioeconomic characteristics, two cities, two townships and two residential villages were randomly selected where the(More)