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BACKGROUND The prevalence of chronic kidney disease is high in developing countries. However, no national survey of chronic kidney disease has been done incorporating both estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria in a developing country with the economic diversity of China. We aimed to measure the prevalence of chronic kidney disease in(More)
The Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equations provide a rapid method of assessing GFR in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, previous research indicated that modification of these equations is necessary for application in Chinese patients with CKD. The objective of this study was to modify MDRD equations on the basis of the(More)
Zygomorphic flowers, with bilateral (dorsoventral) symmetry, are considered to have evolved several times independently in flowering plants. In Antirrhinum majus, floral dorsoventral symmetry depends on the activity of two TCP-box genes, CYCLOIDEA (CYC) and DICHOTOMA (DICH). To examine whether the same molecular mechanism of floral asymmetry operates in the(More)
Genetic studies in maize have identified several regulatory genes that control the tissue-specific synthesis of the purple anthocyanin pigments during development. Two such genes, R and B, exhibit extensive allelic diversity with respect to the tissue specificity and developmental timing of anthocyanin synthesis. Previous genetic studies demonstrated that(More)
Recent studies on leaf development demonstrate that the mechanism on the adaxial-abaxial polarity pattern formation could be well conserved among the far-related species, in which PHANTASTICA (PAHN)-like genes play important roles. In this study, we explored the conservation and diversity on functions of PHAN-like genes during the compound leaf development(More)
OBJECTIVES Accumulation of tissue advanced glycation end products (AGEs) is a marker of cumulative glycemic and/or oxidative stress. Cutaneous AGEs levels measured by skin autofluorescence correlate well with cardiovascular outcomes in diabetes and hemodialysis (HD) patients. The present study aimed to compare tissue AGEs levels with peritoneal dialysis(More)
The insecticidal crystal proteins produced by Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) are broadly used to control insect pests with agricultural importance. The cadherin Bt-R(1) is a binding protein for Bt Cry1A toxins in midgut epithelia of tobacco hornworm (Manduca sexta). We previously identified the Bt-R(1) region most proximal to the cell membrane (CR12-MPED) as(More)
The PIN family of auxin efflux transporters exhibit polar plasma membrane (PM) localization and play a key role in auxin gradient-mediated developmental processes. Auxin inhibits PIN2 endocytosis and promotes its PM localization. However, the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we show that the inhibitory effect of auxin on PIN2 endocytosis was(More)
BACKGROUND The Oxford classification of immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy (IgAN) provides a histopathologic grading system that is associated with kidney disease outcomes independent of clinical features. We evaluated the Oxford IgAN classification in a large cohort of patients from China. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS 1,026(More)
AIM Whether the burden of advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) accumulation, a marker of oxidative stress, is affected by dialysis modality remains unclear. We compared the serum levels of AOPP in patients on haemodialysis (HD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and tested the hypothesis that an accumulation of AOPP was an(More)