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UDP-glucose sterol glucosyltransferase (SGT) are enzymes typically involved in the production of sterol glycosides (SG) in various organisms. However, the biological functions of SGTs in plants remain largely unknown. In the present study, we identified two full-length GhSGT genes in cotton and examined their distinct biochemical properties. Using(More)
BACKGROUND Lignocellulose is the most abundant biomass on earth. However, biomass recalcitrance has become a major factor affecting biofuel production. Although cellulose crystallinity significantly influences biomass saccharification, little is known about the impact of three major wall polymers on cellulose crystallization. In this study, we selected six(More)
In this study, total 80 typical Miscanthus accessions were examined with diverse lignocellulose features, including cellulose crystallinity (CrI), degree of polymerization (DP), and mole number (MN). Correlation analysis revealed that the crude cellulose CrI and MN, as well as crystalline cellulose DP, displayed significantly negative influence on biomass(More)
Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been broadly applied as a quick assay for biological component and property analysis. However, NIRS remains unavailable for in-depth analysis of biomass digestibility in plants. In this study, NIRS was used to determine biomass enzymatic digestibility using 199 Miscanthus samples, which represents a rich germplasm(More)
UNLABELLED OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of tea on oral cancer in nonsmokers and nondrinkers. METHODS A case-control study were performed between September 2010 and January 2015 including 203 oral cancer cases in nonsmokers and nondrinkers with pathologically confirmed and 572 community controls. The related information included socio-demographic(More)
In this study, one- and two-step pretreatments with alkali and acid were performed in the three Miscanthus species that exhibit distinct hemicelluloses levels. As a result, one-step with 4% NaOH or two-step with 2% NaOH and 1% H2SO4 was examined to be optimal for high biomass saccharification, indicating that alkali was the main effecter of pretreatments.(More)
To evaluate the confounding effects of passive smoking and COF exposure on association between tea and oral cancer in Chinese women. A case–control study including 207 female oral cancer cases and 480 age-matched controls was performed in Fujian, China. Data were collected with a structured questionnaire by face-to-face interviews. The effects of tea(More)
In this study, 123 sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) accessions and 50 mutants were examined with diverse stalk soluble sugars, bagasse enzymatic saccharification and wall polymers, indicating the potential near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) assay for those three important parameters. Using the calibration and validation sets and modified squares method,(More)
Proposed an on-line steel bars partition control method based on machine vision on-line steel bars counting system. We introduced a visual feedback control and a decision-making method. Steel bars movement simulation and bars tracing algorithm are presented. A rule-mining algorithm based on rough sets is applied to extract control rules of partition
Based on systems biology analyses of total 179 representative Miscanthus accessions, ammonium oxalate (AO)-extractable uronic acids could either positively affect biomass digestibility or negatively alter lignocellulose crystallinity at p<0.01 or 0.05. Comparative analysis of four typical pairs of Miscanthus samples indicated that the AO-extractable uronic(More)