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Emerging applications based on optical beams carrying orbital angular momentum (OAM) will probably require photonic integrated devices and circuits for miniaturization, improved performance, and enhanced functionality. We demonstrate silicon-integrated optical vortex emitters, using angular gratings to extract light confined in whispering gallery modes with(More)
It is reported that salidroside, the main component of a traditional Chinese medicine, Rhodiola rosea, has the efficacy of protecting Coxsackie virus impairment. As part of a safety evaluation on salidroside for use in the treatment of viral myocarditis, the present study evaluated potential genotoxicity of salidroside by using the standard battery of tests(More)
OBJECTIVE To use rat preantral follicle culture as a novel bioassay in order to study the effects of di-2-ethylhexyl phttmlate (DEHP) and its metabolite mono-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (MEHP) on folliculogenesis in vitro. METHODS The preantral follicles were mechanically dissected from ovaries and equally randomized to to 96-well plates. Six dose groups were(More)
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are thought of as chaperones of morphologic development of cells and organisms, and believed to be closely related to normal and abnormal embryonic development. Previous studies only focused on a small number of HSPs and their relationships with embryogenesis, and roles of most HSPs in normal and abnormal embryonic development(More)
Rat ovarian follicle culture, as a novel bioassay, is adopted in this study to explore the effects of cadmium chloride (CdCL(2)) on folliculogenesis and oocyte maturation in vitro; the feasibility for its application on detection of possible effects of chemicals on reproduction is discussed and evaluated as well. The results showed that follicle growth,(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop mouse preantral follicle culture for toxicology study. METHODS The ovaries were from prepubertal mice (C57B1/6JxCBA/Ca) (at the ages of 12-14 days). The ovaries were from prepubertal mice (C57B1/6JxCBA/Ca) (at the ages of 12-14 days). The preantral follicles with a diameter around the range 100-130 microm were mechanically dissected(More)
Various biochemical and physiological stimuli may interfere with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis, causing aggregation and accumulation of unfolded or malfolded proteins in the ER and resulting in ER stress (ERS), and the ER attenuates ERS through unfolded protein response (UPR). All-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) can enhance or attenuate some ERS-induced(More)
Most previous studies focused on a small number of heat shock proteins (Hsps) and their relationships with embryogenesis, and the actual roles of these Hsps in normal and abnormal embryonic development remain unclear. It was found in the present systemic study that except for Grp170, whose expression was not detectable at GD18, all 19 Hsps of Hsp70, Hsp90(More)
The ability to rapidly switch between orbital angular momentum modes of light has important implications for future classical and quantum systems. In general, orbital angular momentum beams are generated using free-space bulk optical components where the fastest reconfiguration of such systems is around a millisecond using spatial light modulators. In this(More)
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are thought of as chaperones of morphologic development of cells and organisms and are believed to be closely related to normal and abnormal embryonic development. It was found, in the present study, that 19 Hsps of the three Hsp70, Hsp90, and Hsp110 families were expressed in embryonic forelimb tissue of normal mice, but in(More)