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The description of schistosomiasis in China dates back more than two millennia. The disease caused social and economic hardship, and the rates of morbidity and mortality were high. In the mid 1950s, when China's population was approximately 600 million, an estimated 11.6 million people were infected with Schistosoma japonicum. Hence, a national control(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS One major cause of hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS) is the intake of pyrrolizidine alkaloid (PA)-containing products. Over 8000 PA-induced HSOS cases have been reported worldwide and at least 51 among them were suspected to be attributed to exposure to the Chinese medicine 'Tusanqi'. PA-induced hepatotoxicity involves(More)
The automatic patch-based exploit generation problem is: given a program P and a patched version of the program P', automatically generate an exploit for the potentially unknown vulnerability present in P but fixed in P'. In this paper, we propose techniques for automatic patch-based exploit generation, and show that our techniques can automatically(More)
Dauricine is one type of the bisbenzyltetrahydroisoquinoline alkaloid derivative with antiarrhythmic effects. Severe liver toxicity was observed in experimental animals treated with analogues of dauricine, which may be caused by covalent binding of reactive metabolite(s) to critical macromolecules in tissues. The study described herein aimed at(More)
To assess the impact level on physical fitness and working capacity in patients with advanced Schistosomiasis japonica, a field study was carried out. According to the records of patients with advanced schistosomiasis in Susong County, Anhui Province, 48 advanced cases without other serious chronic diseases from endemic areas in two townships and 56 healthy(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the clinical effects of three minimally invasive surgeries on the treatment of impacted upper ureteral calculi. METHODS 135 patients with impacted upper ureteral calculi were selected and randomly divided into three groups (Group A-C) (n=45), which were treated with transurethral ureteroscopic lithotripsy, minimally invasive(More)
Isoimperatorin (IIMP), a 6,7-furanocoumarin derivative, occurs in many common medicinal herbs. Human exposure to IIMP mainly results from intake of fruits, foods and medicinal herbs. We examined the irreversible inhibitory effect of IIMP on cytochrome P450 2B6. IIMP was found to cause time-dependent inhibition of CYP2B6. In addition, the loss of CYP2B6(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of routinely used assays for schistosomiasis diagnosis in the field. METHODS From late November to early December 2005, 6-65 years old inhabitants from 3 endemic villages were examined by Kato-Katz technique (3 thick smears) and nylon bag sedimentation/hatching method. At the same time, dipstick dye(More)
Results from the third nationwide cluster sampling survey on the epidemiology of schistosomiasis in the People's Republic of China, conducted by the Ministry of Health in 2004, are presented. A stratified cluster random sampling technique was used, and 239 villages were selected in 7 provinces where Schistosoma japonicum remains endemic. A total of 250,987(More)