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Bacterial DNA (bDNA) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) are potent activators of immune cells such as monocytes and macrophages, which contribute to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and sepsis. Unfortunately, many experimental inflammatory antagonist-based therapies have failed in sepsis trials, and currently there is only one adjuvant therapy in(More)
Styrene is a volatile organic compound that is widely used as an intermediate in many industrial settings. There are known adverse health effects at environmentally significant concentrations, but little is known about the molecular effect of exposure to styrene at sub-acute toxic concentrations. We exposed human lung epithelial cells, at a wide range of(More)
OBJECTIVES Occasionally, we found that artesunate enhanced the antibacterial effects of antibiotics in vitro. Therefore, the enhancement of various β-lactam antibiotics by artesunate against Escherichia coli and the possible mechanism were investigated in the present study. METHODS Antibacterial effects were observed using the serial 2-fold dilution(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the principal component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria, stimulates various cell types to release numerous proinflammatory mediators such as TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IL-12, which may damage cells and lead to organ injury, even sepsis and septic shock. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) has been identified as the receptor(More)
Aptamers against inactive Vibrio alginolyticus were selected from an 82-nt ssDNA random library by systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment. After 15 rounds of selection, the final pool of aptamers was highly specific for inactivated V. alginolyticus and had a dissociation constant of 27.5 ± 9.2 nM. Using these aptamers and PCR, V.(More)
Gram-positive bacteria have become the most common organisms responsible for the development of sepsis. Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is the major gram-positive pathogen in both community-acquired and nosocomial infections. The Mortality associated with nosocomial infections caused by S. aureus may vary but are generally high. In the present study, we(More)
Administration of an excess of oligodeoxynucleotides containing immunostimulatory CpG motifs (CpG-S ODNs) may induce systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and sepsis. Therefore, it is important to develop neutralizing CpG ODNs (CpG-N ODNs), which can be used to reduce the release of cytokines induced by the presence of CpG-S ODNs. In the present(More)
Sepsis induced by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has worse outcome because of multiresistance to a large group of antibiotics, which may lead to death from septic shock. In the present study, we firstly found that artesunate in combination with oxacillin was capable of protecting mice challenged with live MRSA WHO-2 (WHO-2) and the(More)
Innate immunity is the first line of defense in human beings against pathogen infection; monocytes/macrophages are the primary cells of the innate immune system. Recently, macrophages/monocytes have been discovered to participate in LPS clearance, and the clearance efficiency determines the magnitude of the inflammatory response and subsequent organ injury.(More)
The resistance of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to radiation is the major reason for radiotherapy failure of this kind cancer. Currently, there is no effective radiosensitizer in clinical use. Artemisinin and its derivates enhance radiotherapeutic effect in some kinds of tumors; however, whether artemisinin and its derivates can enhance the(More)