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The G-rich strand of human telomeric DNA can fold into a four-stranded structure called G-quadruplex and inhibit telomerase activity that is expressed in 85-90% tumor cells. For this reason, telomere quadruplex is emerging as a potential therapeutic target for cancer. Information on the structure of the quadruplex in the physiological environment is(More)
Increased oxidative stress and mitochondrial abnormalities contribute to neuronal dysfunction in Huntington's disease (HD). We investigated whether these pathological changes in HD brains may also be present in peripheral tissues. Leukocyte 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) were elevated, and activities of erythrocyte(More)
Chronic hyperglycemia is the hallmark of diabetes and its complication. High glucose-induced excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) production has been considered to play an important role in the development of diabetes. However, the influence of high glucose on the liver remains to be clarified. Rosiglitazone (RSG) is a member of thiazolidinediones (TDZs)(More)
Increased oxidative stress contributes to neuronal dysfunction in Parkinson's disease (PD). We investigated whether the pathological changes in PD brains may also be present in peripheral tissues. Leukocyte 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), plasma malondialdehyde (MDA), erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and plasma vitamin E (Vit E) were measured for(More)
We present in this article an acoustic study on tone sandhi and tonal coarticulation in Tianjin Chinese. Our results indicate that Tianjin tone sandhi is likely influenced by Standard Chinese and is undergoing a number of changes, causing variations and exceptions to the sandhi patterns, and the majority of the sandhis are non-neutralizing, contra(More)
Seven new 3,4,6-trisubstituted α-pyrone derivatives, violapyrones A-G (1-7), were isolated from Streptomyces violascens obtained from Hylobates hoolock feces. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of detailed spectroscopic analysis. The antimicrobial activities of 1-7 were evaluated against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and against fungi.(More)
In the past years, free fatty acids (FFAs) and obesity have been reported to play an important role in cancer development. Palmitic acid (PA) is the most prevalent saturated FFA in circulation. However, the mechanism underlying the effect of PA on cell proliferation is still to be elucidated. In this report, we, for the first time, investigate the signaling(More)
Endoglucanase C5614-1 comprises a catalytic module (CM) and an X module (XM). The XM showed no significant homology with known carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs). Recombinant full-length endoglucanase could bind Avicel, whereas the CM could not. The XM could bind various polysaccharides. The results demonstrated that the XM was a new CBM.
A newly isolated strain Penicillium sp. GXU20 produced a raw starch-degrading enzyme which showed optimum activity towards raw cassava starch at pH 4.5 and 50°C. Maximum raw cassava starch-degrading enzyme (RCSDE) activity of 20 U/ml was achieved when GXU20 was cultivated under optimized conditions using wheat bran (3.0% w/v) and soybean meal (2.5% w/v) as(More)