Jianfeng Guo

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Prostate cancer is associated with high mortality and new therapeutic strategies are necessary for improved patient outcome. The utilisation of potent, sequence-specific small interfering RNA (siRNA) to facilitate down-regulation of complementary mRNA sequences in vitro and in vivo has stimulated the development of siRNA-based cancer therapies. However, the(More)
Oral delivery of gene therapeutics would facilitate treatment of local intestinal disease, including colon cancer and inflammatory bowel disease, thus avoiding invasive surgery. The aims of this study were to investigate; if the orientation of the lipid tail on the cyclodextrin (CD) influenced the efficacy of a novel poly-6-cationic amphiphilic CD to(More)
BACKGROUND To determine whether apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values obtained using a b-value of 3000 s/mm(2) can be used to differentiate high-grade glioma (HGG) from solitary metastases (SM). METHODS Forty patients underwent conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and standard and high b-value diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Minimum,(More)
A hepta-guanidino-β-cyclodextrin (G-CD), its hepta-PEG conjugate (G-CD-PEG), and the corresponding anisamide-terminated PEG conjugate (G-CD-PEG-AA) have been synthesised and compared as delivery vectors for siRNA to prostate cancer cells and tumours in vivo. The G-CD-PEG-AA.siRNA formulations (in which anisamide targets the sigma receptor), but not the(More)
Prostate cancer is the most prevalent cancer in men of the United States and Europe, and although current treatments have efficacy in treating primary prostate cancer, they are associated with a decreased quality of life and are ineffective in treating the metastatic disease. The identification of oncogenes associated with the formation, proliferation, and(More)
Adoptive transfer of primary T cells genetically modified to have desired specificity can exert an anti-tumor response in some patients. To improve our understanding of their therapeutic potential we have developed a clinically-appealing approach to reveal their in vivo biodistribution using nanoparticles that serve as a radiotracer for imaging by positron(More)
In this study, a folate targeted cyclodextrin (CD) nanoparticle was prepared by co-formulating CD.siRNA complexes with DSPE-PEG5000-folate to target the prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA). Targeted formulations showed increased uptake, relative to untargeted controls, in two prostate cancer cell lines expressing PSMA (VCaP and LNCaP). Competitive(More)
A multi-objective optimal load dispatch model is proposed for minimizing both total purchase cost and emissions considering the difference of power purchase price and emissions between each power plant. And a new NSDE algorithm, which is organic integration of Pareto non-dominant sorting and differential evolution algorithm and improves the crowding(More)
Gene silencing using RNA-interference, first described in mammalian systems almost a decade ago, is revolutionizing therapeutic target validation efforts both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, the potential for using short interfering RNA (siRNA) as a therapy in its own right is also progressing at a significant pace. However, the widespread use of such(More)
Cancer is one of the most wide-spread diseases of modern times, with an estimated increase in the number of patients diagnosed worldwide, from 11.3 million in 2007 to 15.5 million in 2030 (www.who.int). In many cases, due to the delay in diagnosis and high increase of relapse, survival rates are low. Current therapies, including surgery, radiation and(More)