Jianfei Qian

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Previous studies demonstrated that circulating dendritic cells (DCs) in myeloma patients were functionally abnormal. However, the phenotype and function of patients' monocyte-derived DCs (MoDCs), which are commonly used for immunotherapy, were poorly defined. This study was undertaken to examine the quality of MoDCs from myeloma patients compared with cells(More)
Multiple myeloma remains an incurable disease. One of the major problems is that myeloma cells develop drug resistance on interaction with bone marrow stromal cells. In this study, we examined the effects of macrophages (Mvarphis), a type of stromal cells, on myeloma cell survival and response to chemotherapy. We showed that Mvarphi, in particular(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) from patients with cancer are functionally defective, but the molecular mechanisms underlying these defects are poorly understood. In this study, we used the murine 5TGM1 myeloma model to examine the effects and mechanisms of tumor-derived factors on the differentiation and function of DCs. Myeloma cells or tumor culture conditioning(More)
Th9 cells are a subset of CD4+ Th cells that produce the pleiotropic cytokine IL-9. IL-9/Th9 can function as both positive and negative regulators of immune response, but the role of IL-9/Th9 in tumor immunity is unknown. We examined the role of IL-9/Th9 in a model of pulmonary melanoma in mice. Lack of IL-9 enhanced tumor growth, while tumor-specific Th9(More)
Elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) are present in many disease situations including malignancies and may contribute to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disorders. This study was undertaken in a myeloma setting to determine whether CRP affects tumor cell growth and survival. We show that CRP enhanced myeloma cell proliferation under stressed(More)
We discovered that monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) specific to human beta(2)-microglobulin (beta(2)M) induce apoptosis in vitro and were therapeutic in mouse models of myeloma and other hematological tumor cells. Cell death occurred rapidly, without the need for exogenous immunological effector mechanisms. The mAbs induced cell death via recruiting MHC class I(More)
The identification of novel tumor-associated antigens, especially those shared among patients, is urgently needed to improve the efficacy of immunotherapy for multiple myeloma (MM). In this study, we examined whether Dickkopf-1 (DKK1), a protein that is not expressed in most normal tissues but is expressed by tumor cells from almost all patients with(More)
We previously showed that macrophages (MΦs) infiltrate the bone marrow (BM) of patients with myeloma and may play a role in drug resistance. This study analyzed chemokines expressed by myeloma BM that are responsible for recruiting monocytes to the tumor bed. We found that chemokines CCL3, CCL14, and CCL2 were highly expressed by myeloma and BM cells, and(More)
BACKGROUND Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an incurable B-cell malignancy, and patients with this disease have the poorest prognosis among all patients with B-cell lymphomas. The signaling pathways that trigger MCL escape from immune surveillance are unclear. Because Toll-like receptors (TLRs) initiate innate and adaptive immune responses against invading(More)
Atiprimod is a novel cationic amphiphilic compound and has been shown to exert antimyeloma effects both in vitro and in mouse experiments. This study was undertaken to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of atiprimod on mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and elucidate the mechanism by which it induces cell apoptosis. Atiprimod inhibited the growth and induced(More)