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A common obstacle in clinical management of pathological pain is the poor response to opioid analgesics. We now report that delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC)-induced antinociception remained effective in rats with pathological pain. The selective central cannabinoid receptor antagonist SR141716A, but not the generic opioid receptor antagonist(More)
Morphine has been used in previous studies that investigate interactions between the spinal cord mu-opioid and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in mechanisms of antinociceptive tolerance. Although morphine acts primarily on the mu-receptor, it also activates other subtypes of opioid receptors. In the present study, the selective mu-opioid agonist,(More)
The therapeutic effects of dextrorphan and ketamine, two non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists, on neuropathic pain-related behaviors were examined in rats with peripheral mononeuropathy induced by loose ligation of the common sciatic nerve (chronic constrictive injury, CCI). Four daily intrathecal treatments (beginning 1 h after(More)
The hyperalgesia and spontaneous pain that occur following peripheral nerve injury may be related to abnormal peripheral input or altered central activity, or both. The present experiments investigated these possibilities by examining the effects of MK-801 (a non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate, NMDA, receptor antagonist) and bupivacaine (a local(More)
Eight days after chronic constrictive sciatic nerve injury (CCI), protein kinase C gamma (PKC gamma) immunoreactivity reliably increased in the spinal cord dorsal horn of CCI rats with demonstrable thermal hyperalgesia as compared to sham-operated controls. Such PKC gamma immunostaining was observed primarily in neuronal somata (ipsilateral > contralateral,(More)
The term mitophagy is coined to describe the selective removal of mitochondria by autophagy but the process itself is still contentious, especially in the early period following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). In the present study, we investigated the role of mitophagy following 48h after SAH injury in rats. Specifically evaluating whether mitophagy, through(More)
In a rat model of painful peripheral mononeuropathy, this study examined the effects of post-injury treatment with a monosialoganglioside, GM1, on abnormal nociceptive behaviors and spinal cord neural activity resulting from loose ligation of the rat common sciatic nerve (chronic constrictive injury, CCI). Thermal hyperalgesia and spontaneous pain behaviors(More)
UNLABELLED Ganglioside GM1, which is particularly abundant in the central nervous system (CNS), is closely associated with the protection against several CNS disorders. However, controversial findings have been reported on the role of GM1 following ischemic stroke. In the present study, using a rat middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model, we(More)
Our previous experiments demonstrated that systemic treatment with GM1 ganglioside reduces nociceptive behaviors and spinal cord metabolic activity in a rat model of painful peripheral mononeuropathy produced by experimental sciatic nerve ligation (chronic constrictive injury, CCI). In the present study, we examined the effects of intrathecal (i.t.) GM1(More)
Rhynchophylline (Rhy) has been demonstrated protective effects on some neurological diseases. However, the roles of Rhy in the subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are still to be cleared. In the present study, the effects of Rhy on attenuation of early brain injury (EBI) after SAH have been evaluated. The adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (280-300g) were used to(More)