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The time delay estimation (TDE) is an important issue in modern signal processing and it has found extensive applications in the spatial propagation feature extraction of biomedical signals as well. Due to the extreme complexity and variability of the underlying systems, biomedical signals are usually nonstationary, unstable and even chaotic. Furthermore,(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal cord electrical stimulation (SCS) has been applied for the management of chronic pain. Most of studies have revealed a decrease in sympathetic activity with SCS. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of SCS on gastrointestinal (GI) motility in healthy and diabetic rats. METHODS Male rats chronically(More)
Gastroparesis is a disorder with a lack of treatment options and this study investigated the effect of electroacupuncture on gastric emptying and involved mechanisms. Dogs implanted with a duodenal cannula and serosal electrodes were fed with Ensure mixed with phenol red, and the gastric effluent was collected. Electroacupuncture was performed from 30 min(More)
Abstract The aim of this study was to assess effects of gastric distension on gastric slow waves using internal and cutaneous electrodes and the correlation between these two measurements. The study was performed in five dogs implanted with one pair of serosal electrodes and a gastric cannula. Gastric slow waves were recorded using both cutaneous and(More)
During the last decades, numerous studies have been performed to investigate the effects and mechanisms of acupuncture or electroacupuncture (EA) on gastrointestinal motility and patients with functional gastrointestinal diseases. A PubMed search was performed on this topic and all available studies published in English have been reviewed and evaluated.(More)
The aim was to investigate gastric myoelectrical activity (GMA) and vagal activity in response to stress. The study was performed in 10 healthy subjects in three sessions (control, relaxation and stress). The control session was composed of 30-min recordings before and 30-min recordings after a test meal. The protocol of two other sessions was similar(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of visceral hypersensitivity, a characteristic pathophysiological feature of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), remains elusive. Recent studies suggest a role for hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in pain signaling but this has not been well studied in visceral models of hyperalgesia. We therefore determined the role for the endogenous H2S(More)
The causes of irritable bowel syndrome remain elusive and there are few effective treatments for pain in this syndrome. Electroacupunture (EA) is used extensively for treatment of various painful conditions including chronic visceral hyperalgesia (CVH). However, mechanism of its analgesic effect remains unknown. This study was designed to investigate effect(More)
Myoelectrical recordings of the gut contain slow waves (slow rhythmicity) and spikes (fast rhythmicity). While the slow wave determines the frequency and propagation of gastrointestinal contractions, spike activities are directly associated with the contractions. Traditionally, spikes are extracted from the myoelectrical recording using high-pass/bandpass(More)
Electrogastrography (EGG) is a non-invasive method for the measurement of gastric myoelectrical activity. It was first discovered in 1921 and popularized in 1990s. EGG is attractive because it is non-invasive. However, due to its non-invasive nature, there have also been controversies regarding validity and applications of EGG. The aim of this review is to(More)